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This article in AJ

  1. Vol. 100 No. 4, p. 917-923
    Received: Sept 5, 2007

    * Corresponding author(s): fanxingm@public.km.yn.cn
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A New Maize Heterotic Pattern between Temperate and Tropical Germplasms

  1. X. M. Fan *a,
  2. H. M. Chena,
  3. J. Tana,
  4. C. X. Xua,
  5. Y. M. Zhangb,
  6. Y. X. Huanga and
  7. M. S. Kangc
  1. a Institute of Food Crops, Yunnan Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Kunming 650205, Yunnan Province, China
    b Research Analyst, Parts Distribution Center, John Deere Co., Milan, IL 61264
    c Vice Chancellor, Punjab Agricultural Univ., Ludhiana 141 004, India


New heterotic groups are needed for increasing genetic diversity and productivity in maize (Zea mays L.). A study was conducted with the following objectives: (i) to determine if exotic tropical maize germplasm (TRMG) can increase diversity of Chinese maize germplasm for grain yield and five yield component traits (YCTs), namely, ear length (EL), ear diameter (ED), number of kernel rows per ear (RE), number of kernels per row (KR), and 1000-kernel weight (TKW), and (ii) to estimate general combining ability (GCA) and specific combining ability (SCA) effects to identify a possible new heterotic pattern. Twenty-five temperate maize germplasm (TEMG) from both China and the United States were crossed with four TRMG from the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT). The 100 testcrosses were evaluated in field trials for grain yield and five YCTs at three locations in Yunnan, China. Tropical lines YML146 and YML145 showed, in crosses with most of the TEMG, significant positive SCA effects for grain yield and most of the YCTs, indicating that these lines had a different genetic base from that of TEMG and could increase genetic diversity of Chinese maize germplasm. The GCA effects were more important and reliable than SCA effects for heterotic pattern classification. Exotic line YML146 (derived from Suwan1) was identified as a new heterotic group, different from Reid, Lancaster, Tangsipingtou (TSPT), and Luda Red Cob (LDRC). A new heterotic pattern of temperate × Suwan1 was postulated, which could be as important as the widely accepted flint × dent heterotic pattern.

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Copyright © 2008. American Society of AgronomyCopyright © 2008 by the American Society of Agronomy