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This article in AJ

  1. Vol. 100 No. 4, p. 924-930
     
    Received: Sept 12, 2007
    Published: July, 2008


    * Corresponding author(s): tjbutler@noble.org
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doi:10.2134/agronj2007.0305

Effects of Dairy Manure Compost and Supplemental Inorganic Fertilizer on Coastal Bermudagrass

  1. Thomas J. Heltona,
  2. Twain J. Butler *b,
  3. Mark L. McFarlandc,
  4. Frank M. Honsc,
  5. Saqib Mukhtarc and
  6. James P. Muird
  1. a Texas State Soil and Water Conserv. Board, P.O. Box 658, Temple, TX 76503
    b The Noble Foundation, 2510 Sam Noble Parkway, Ardmore, OK 73401
    c Texas A&M Univ., College Station, TX 77843
    d Texas AgriLife Res., 1229 N. Hwy.281, Stephenville, TX 76401

Abstract

Management strategies for using raw and composted dairy manures on perennial forages are not well defined. This study compared the effects of raw or composted dairy manure alone, or in combination with supplemental inorganic fertilizers (IFs), on ‘Coastal’ bermudagrass [Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers.] yield. Composted manure was split applied with 14.5 Mg ha−1 in 2002 and 2003 for a total of 29 Mg ha−1 (C1), or single applications of raw dairy manure (M) at 54 Mg ha−1, or composted manure at 29 (C2) or 58 (C3) Mg ha−1 were applied in 2002. These treatments were compared with an IF check (112 kg N ha−1 cutting−1 plus 49 kg P ha−1 yr−1 plus 93 kg K ha−1 cutting−1) and an untreated check (UC). Selected compost and manure plots also received supplemental inorganic N at rates of 0, 56, 84, and 112 kg ha−1 cutting−1, or 112 kg N ha−1 cutting−1 plus inorganic P (49 kg P ha−1 yr−1) or K (93 kg K ha−1 cutting−1). Maximum yields were obtained with 56 kg N ha−1 cutting−1 in 2002, and with 84 kg N ha−1 cutting−1 in 2003 and 2004. In 2004, supplemental inorganic P increased forage yields with the lower rate of compost (C2), and supplemental inorganic K increased forage yields of C2 and M treatments compared with the compost or M treatments alone

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Copyright © 2008. American Society of AgronomyCopyright © 2008 by the American Society of Agronomy