Yield Gap Analysis between Dry and Wet Season Rice Crop Grown under High-Yielding Management Conditions
- Woonho Yang *a,
- Shaobing Pengb,
- Rebecca C. Lazab,
- Romeo M. Visperasb and
- Maribel L. Dionisio-Sesec
- a Crop Physiology and Ecology Res. Div., National Inst. of Crop Science, Rural Development Administration, 151 Seodundong, Suwon, 441-857, Republic of Korea
b Crop and Environ. Sciences Div., Int. Rice Res. Inst. (IRRI), DAPO Box 7777, Metro Manila, the Philippines
c Inst. of Biological Sciences, College of Arts and Sciences, Univ. of the Philippines, Los Baños, College, Laguna 4031, the Philippines
Rice (Oryza sativa L.) grain yield highly varies depending on cropping seasons under the tropical irrigated conditions. This study aimed to (i) compare the grain yield of rice in dry season (DS) and wet season (WS) and (ii) determine climatic and physiological factors critical to the yield gap between DS and WS. Six genotypes, two each for indica inbred, indica/indica F1 hybrid, and the second-generation new plant type, were grown in DS and WS of 2003 and 2004. Significantly higher grain yields were achieved in DS than in WS by 94% for 2003 and 35% for 2004. Mean daily radiation was higher in DS than WS, particularly during grain filling stage than before flowering. The greater radiation during ripening in DS contributed to the higher grain yield. Major difference in biomass production between DS and WS occurred after flowering. Greater biomass accumulation from flowering to physiological maturity was associated with higher grain yield in DS than in WS, but not translocation of biomass accumulated before flowering to grains. Higher grain yield in DS was partly the result of greater spikelets due to higher spikelet production efficiency per unit biomass at flowering. Aboveground total biomass at physiological maturity was a crucial physiological factor to the yield gap between DS and WS. Daily mean radiation and biomass accumulation during ripening, and sink production efficiency per unit biomass were critical factors to the yield gap of rice between DS and WS under the high-yielding tropical irrigated conditions.Please view the pdf by using the Full Text (PDF) link under 'View' to the left.
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