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This article in AJ

  1. Vol. 100 No. 6, p. 1594-1599
     
    Received: Apr 17, 2008


    * Corresponding author(s): Patrick.Carr@ndsu.edu
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doi:10.2134/agronj2008.0122

Wheat Grain Quality Response to Tillage and Rotation with Field Pea

  1. Patrick M. Carr *a,
  2. Glenn. B. Martina and
  3. Richard D. Horsleyb
  1. a North Dakota State Univ., Dickinson Res. Ext. Ctr., 1041 State Ave., Dickinson, ND 58601-3267
    b Dep. Plant Sci., North Dakota State Univ., P.O. Box 5051, Fargo, ND 58105-5051

Abstract

Preceding spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) with field pea (Pisum sativum L.) can enhance wheat grain yield in a wheat-pea (WP) rotation compared with continuous wheat (WW). The pea-rotation benefits to wheat grain quality are uncertain. A 6-yr study was conducted to determine (i) if grain protein content, kernel weight, and test weight were enhanced for wheat in a WP rotation compared with WW, and (ii) if an interaction between cropping and tillage systems existed. The WP and WW systems were maintained in subplots within clean-till (CT), reduced-till (RT), and no-till (NT) whole plots arranged in a randomized complete block as a split plot in southwestern North Dakota, USA. Grain protein content of wheat averaged 160 g kg−1 and was unaffected by cropping system (P > 0.05). However, grain protein content was 10 to 30 g kg−1 lower under NT compared with CT, depending on the year. Kernels were heavier in two of 6 yr in the WP rotation compared with WW. No difference in kernel weight was detected between cropping systems in the other 4 yr. A consistent trend in kernel weight was not detected across tillage systems, and interactions between cropping and tillage systems were not observed for either grain protein content or kernel weight. A three-way interaction between cropping systems, tillage systems, and years was detected for grain test weight. These results failed to demonstrate a consistent pea-rotation benefit to wheat grain quality.

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Copyright © 2008. American Society of AgronomyCopyright © 2008 by the American Society of Agronomy