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Agronomy Journal Abstract - PHOSPHORUS MANAGEMENT

Nitrogen Fertilization Effect on Phosphorus Remediation Potential of Three Perennial Warm-Season Forages


This article in AJ

  1. Vol. 101 No. 5, p. 1243-1248
    Received: Mar 23, 2009

    * Corresponding author(s): ycnew@ufl.edu
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  1. Y. C. Newman *a,
  2. S. Agyin-Birikorangb,
  3. M. B. Adjeic,
  4. J. M. Scholberge,
  5. M. L. Silveirac,
  6. J. M. B. Vendraminic,
  7. J. E. Rechcigld and
  8. L. E. Sollenbergera
  1. a Agronomy Dep., P.O. Box 110500, Univ. of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611-0300
    b Dep. of Soil and Water Sci., P.O. Box 110510, Univ. of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611-0510
    c Range Cattle Research and Education Center, Univ. of Florida, 3401 Experiment Station, Ona, FL 33865
    e Wageningen Univ., Biological Farming Systems, Marijkeweg 22, 6709 PG, Wageningen, the Netherlands
    d Gulf Coast Research and Education Center, Univ. of Florida, 14625 CR 672 Wimauma, FL


Warm-season C4 grasses are capable of removing excess soil nutrients because of their high yield potential and nutrient uptake efficiency. Bahiagrass (Paspalum notatum Flügge), limpograss [Hemarthria altissima (Poir.) Stapf & Hubb], and stargrass (Cynodon nlemfuensis Vanderyst), three commonly used pasture grasses in South-Central Florida, were grown to examine the effect of increasing N rates on herbage production and soil P removal. Nitrogen was applied at rates of 67, 90, and 134 kg N ha−1 harvest−1, representing 1, 1.3, and 2 times the recommended N fertilizer application rate for hay production. During 3 yr of evaluation, all three grasses showed a positive P-removal potential that increased with increasing N fertilizer application. Phosphorus removed by forages over the 3-yr period for the highest N application rate was 106, 132, and 147 kg ha−1 for limpograss, bahiagrass, and stargrass, respectively. Mehlich 1 extractable P from the Ap horizon of all plots decreased by as much as 80% of the initial P load over the study period; only ∼15 to 17% of which appeared to leach to subsurface horizons. Nitrogen application enhanced P uptake and consequently reduced P transport to deep (>13 cm) soil depths. These data indicate that stargrass, bahiagrass, and limpograss managed intensively for hay production represent effective options in removing excess soil P from P-impacted sites.

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Copyright © 2009. American Society of AgronomyCopyright © 2009 by the American Society of Agronomy