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Agronomy Journal Abstract - POTATO

Italian Ryegrass Management Effects on Nitrogen Supply to a Subsequent Potato Crop

 

This article in AJ

  1. Vol. 101 No. 6, p. 1573-1580
     
    Received: May 7, 2009


    * Corresponding author(s): bernie.zebarth@agr.gc.ca
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doi:10.2134/agronj2009.0184
  1. B. J. Zebarth *a,
  2. W. J. Arsenaultb,
  3. S. Mooreheadc,
  4. H. T. Kuneliusb and
  5. M. Sharifid
  1. a Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Potato Research Centre, P.O. Box 20280, Fredericton, NB, Canada E3B 4Z7
    b Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Crops and Livestock Research Centre, 440 University Ave., Charlottetown, PE, Canada C1A 4N6
    c McCain Foods (Canada), 23266 Trans Canada Highway, P.O. Box 100, Bordon-Carlton, PE, Canada C0B 1X0
    d Dep. of Plant and Animal Sciences, Nova Scotia Agricultural College, P.O. Box 550, Truro, NS Canada B2N 5E3

Abstract

There is increasing use of Italian ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum Lam.) as a green manure in potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) rotations; however, effects of its management on soil N supply to the subsequent potato crop are unknown. Fertilizer N management and plow-down date for a preceding Italian ryegrass crop, ‘Lemtal’, on soil N supply to a subsequent potato crop, ‘Russet Burbank’, was determined over 2 yr. Application of N at 150 to 188 kg N ha−1 to ryegrass increased dry matter yield and N uptake of aboveground forage and stubble (i.e., stubble, crown, and large root) tissue. Delaying plow-down from early September to early November increased dry matter yield and N uptake of stubble tissue, but not aboveground forage. Apparent recovery of applied N in harvested forage and stubble tissue averaged 55 and 12%, respectively. High N application to the ryegrass increased soil N supply to the subsequent unfertilized potato crop as indicated by increased tuber yield, mean tuber weight, and plant (i.e., vines plus tubers) dry matter yield and N uptake. However, the increase in soil N supply (i.e., N uptake of unfertilized potato plants at vine desiccation) was small (<20 kg N ha−1). Apparent recovery of N applied to the ryegrass crop in unfertilized potato plants was low (10%). Delayed ryegrass plow-down had no effect on soil N supply to the subsequent potato crop. Italian ryegrass green manure crop can be effective in increasing soil organic matter inputs but has limited short-term effects on soil N supply for potato.

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Copyright © 2009. American Society of AgronomyCopyright © 2009 by the American Society of Agronomy