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This article in AJ

  1. Vol. 109 No. 3, p. 947-956
    unlockOPEN ACCESS
     
    Received: May 03, 2016
    Accepted: Jan 28, 2017
    Published: May 5, 2017


    * Corresponding author(s): aobour@ksu.edu
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doi:10.2134/agronj2016.05.0256

Camelina Seed Yield and Fatty Acids as Influenced by Genotype and Environment

  1. Augustine K. Obour *a,
  2. Eric Obengb,
  3. Yesuf A. Mohammedc,
  4. Ignacio A. Ciampittib,
  5. Timothy P. Durrettd,
  6. Jose A. Aznar-Morenod and
  7. Chengci Chene
  1. a Kansas State University, Agricultural Research Center-Hays, 1232 240th Ave, Hays, KS 67601
    b Kansas State University, Agronomy Department, 1712 Claflin Road, Manhattan, KS 66506
    c Montana State University, Central Agricultural Research Center, 52583 U.S. Hwy 87, Moccasin, MT 59462
    d Kansas State University, Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics, 1711 Claflin Road, Manhattan, KS 66560
    e Montana State University, Department of Research Centers, 52583 U.S. Hwy 87, Moccasin, MT 59462
Core Ideas:
  • Genotype × environment affected camelina seed yield, oil and constituent fatty acids.
  • Blaine Creek produced the greatest seed among the camelina genotypes studied.
  • Camelina grown at Hays, KS, had less yields and oil content compared to Moccasin, MT.
  • Camelina at Moccasin, MT had greater linolenic acid content compared to Hays, KS.

Abstract

Camelina (Camelina sativa L. Crantz) is an alternative oilseed crop with potential for fallow replacement in dryland cereal-based crop production systems in the semiarid Great Plains. The interaction between genotype and environment was investigated on camelina seed yield, oil content, and fatty acid composition across two locations in the U.S. Great Plains. Treatments were three spring camelina genotypes (cultivars Blaine Creek, Pronghorn, and Shoshone), three growing seasons (2013, 2014, and 2015) and two locations (at Hays, KS, and Moccasin, MT). Results showed camelina grown at Hays yielded 54% less than that at Moccasin. Blaine Creek yielded 17 and 42% more than Pronghorn and Shoshone at Hays but yields were not different among genotypes at Moccasin. Oil content ranged from 262 g kg–1 at Hays to 359 g kg–1 at Moccasin. The proportion of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) ranged from 51% at Hays to 55% at Moccasin, whereas monounsaturated fatty acid (MUFA) and saturated fatty acid (SFA) contents were greater at Hays. The linolenic acid content ranged from 26% when Pronghorn was planted at Hays to 35% when planted at Moccasin. In general, the variations in seed yield and fatty acid profile corresponded well with growing season precipitation and temperatures at each environment.

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Copyright © 2017. Copyright © 2017 by the American Society of Agronomy, Inc.