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This article in AJ

  1. Vol. 58 No. 2, p. 175-178
    Received: Aug 8, 1965

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Effect of Temperature and Coating Thickness on the Release of Urea from Resin-Coated Granules1

  1. M. J. Brown,
  2. R. E. Luebs and
  3. P. F. Pratt2



Resin coatings are very effective in controlling the availability of N from applied urea in moist soil. In leaching studies, 94% of the noncoated urea was recovered in 1 day, compared to a 49% recovery of the N from coated urea (13.2% resin) in 4 weeks of intermittent leaching.

Release rates are controlled by the thickness of the coating and the temperature of the medium. Coatings averaging 13.2% resin markedly decreased release of urea, compared to coatings of 9.0% resin. In the range between 5 to 35C, increased release of urea accompanied increases in temperature. After 4 weeks of incubation and intermittent leaching totaling 20 inches of water, 25 and 67% of the added N were leached from soil at 5 and 35C, respectively. Increasing the temperature 10C was approximately equivalent to doubling the release time within a 16-week period. Increasing the temperature increases expansion of the capsule and the surface area through which diffusion must take place. This effect is probably supplemental to the effect of temperature on the diffusion phenomena per se. Approximately 99% of the capsules were recovered intact after incubation for 16 weeks at four temperatures between 5 and 35C.

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