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Agronomy Journal Abstract -

A Refractometric Method for Testing Seed Coat Permeability1


This article in AJ

  1. Vol. 60 No. 1, p. 79-80
    Received: June 10, 1967

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  1. J. I. Morris2,
  2. W. F. Campbell3 and
  3. H. H. Wiebe4



Utilizing the refractometric method (3) to measure water flow by the resulting changes in concentration of a sucrose solution, we have designed an apparatus and procedure to measure the rate of water movement through seed coats of snap beans (Phaseolus vulgaris, L.). The degree of accuracy obtainable in reading the sucrose concentration on the refractometric scale was ± 0.05%. Using 0.2 ml of solution, it was thus possible to detect the movement of 0.4 mm3 of water across the seed coat membrane.

Permeability of the seed coats-ranged from 0.78 mg/mm2/hr for the least permeable to 1.82 mg/mm2/hr for the most permeable of the 11 varieties tested. With one exception, the white-seeded beans were more permeable than the dark-seeded ones.

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