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Agronomy Journal Abstract -

Phosphorus Fertilization of Hops1


This article in AJ

  1. Vol. 61 No. 2, p. 211-214
    Received: June 17, 1968

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  1. Louis C. Boawn and
  2. Paul E. Rasmussen2



Hops were grown on field plots treated with five levels of phosphorus fertilization to determine the effect of P on vine growth, cone quality, and zinc nutrition. A maximum P treatment of 1,344 kg/ha, applied over a 5-year period, increased the extractable P level of the surface 20 cm of soil from 10 ppm to approximately 100 ppm. The P level in leaves and cones from this treatment was increased by approximately 0.10 to 0.15% P as compared with the no-P treatment. Increased levels of P had no observable effect on vine color and vigor or on total growth as determined by vine green weight. The critical level for P in sidearm leaves at early bloom was indicated to be below 0.25%.

The alpha acid content of cones decreased where P fertilization exceeded approximately 500 kg/ha. However, this decrease was poorly correlated with the P content of leaves, indicating the lack of a direct causal relationship.

The P treatments caused a definite reduction in the Zn concentration in leaf and cone tissues, but did not induce observable Zn deficiency symptoms.

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