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This article in AJ

  1. Vol. 62 No. 1, p. 106-112
     
    Received: July 26, 1969


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doi:10.2134/agronj1970.00021962006200010034x

Cation-Anion Balance in Crops as a Factor in Determining the Effect of Nitrogen Fertilizers on Soil Acidity1

  1. W. H. Pierre,
  2. John Meisinger and
  3. J. R. Birchett2

Abstract

Abstract

The quantitative effect of crops on the acidity produced in soils from nitrification of NH,NO3 fertilizer was determined by growing oats and. buckwheat in the greenhouse and finding the amounts of CaCO3 necessary to bring the soils back to their original pH. Three crops of each plant species were grown, and the plants were analyzed for total N, nitrate-N, and excess base. Determinations of pH were made both in 0.01 M CaCl2 and in H2O, with modifications to eliminate errors due to soluble salts.

The acidity developed from NH4NO3 in uncropped soil was almost equal to the theoretical amount that should be developed by nitrification. Without the removal of soluble salts erroneous values were obtained. The increase in acidity due to N4NO3 when oats was grown lower than the theoretical value in the absence of a crop by 27%, and the increase in acidity with buckwheat was higher than the theoretical value by 87%. Analyses of the crops showed that the deviations from the theoretical increase in soil acidity from NH4NO3 fertilizer was quantitatively explained by the numbers of chemical equivalents of N and excess bases taken up by the crops, excess base being defined as total cations (Ca++ Mg++, K+ and Na+) — total anions (C1-, SO4-, and H2PO4-).

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