Effects of Nitrogen and Phosphorus Fertilization on Growth, Yield, and Cooking Characteristics of Rice1
- G. A. Place,
- J. L. Sims and
- V. L. Hall2
One greenhouse experiment and four field experiments were conducted during 1964–65 to determine (a) the effect of rate, time, and method of P fertilization on grain yield, yield components, and cooking quality estimation of rice, and (b) the existence of N × P interactions.
Increasing P in 1964 increased lodging and reduced grain yields and 1,000 grain weight. In 1965 there was no influence of P rate. Preplant P produced darker green vegetation, broader leaves, and taller plants than did the midseason application. Differential responses disappeared by harvest time and no differences occurred except for cooking characteristics, which were more favorable with the preplant application.
Cooking characteristics were not affected by P rate, but were less favorable as N was increased in three experiments and more favorable in the other experiment. Interactions between time of P application and N rate showed cooking characteristics were more favorable as N was increased and P applied at midseason than when P was applied preplant. Interactions between P application time and P rate showed that increasing P and applying it preplant improved cooking characteristics over those of the same rates applied a midseason. The N X P interactions were inconsistent.
In the greenhouse study, soil-incorporated P increased straw weight more than did broadcast P, but did not affect plant height, panicle number, or panicle weight. Increasing N increased panicle number, total panicle weight, straw weight and plant height. Increasing P decreased height and increased values for the other variables. The only interaction showed that increasing P and incorporating it increased panicle number and straw weight more than broadcasting it.Please view the pdf by using the Full Text (PDF) link under 'View' to the left.
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