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Agronomy Journal Abstract -

Resistance to Greenbug in Three Millet Species1


This article in AJ

  1. Vol. 62 No. 5, p. 574-575
    Received: Jan 15, 1970

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  1. H. L. Hackerott and
  2. T. L. Harvey2



Pearl millet, Pennisetum typhoides (Burn.) Stapf and C. E. Hubb.; foxtail millet, Setaria italica L.; and proso millet, Panicum miliaceum L. were evaluated for resistance to the C-biotype greenbug, Schizaphis graminum (Rondani), a recent serious pest of sorghum, Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench. All trials were conducted in growth hambers at 27 C. Survival and reproduction of adult greenbugs confined to seedling and mature plants were greater on sorghum than on the millet species. The millets were also more resistant than sorghum on the basis of plant injury scores. Pearl millet seedlings were slightly more resistant than mature plants. Pearl millet supported the most greenbugs and proso the least in seedling trials with greenbugs confined to the three millet species individually and in all possible paired combinations. Since the millet species evaluated were highly resistant, they could serve as substitute crops for sorghum until greenbug-resistant sorghum cultivars become commercially available.

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