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This article in AJ

  1. Vol. 63 No. 5, p. 689-691
    Received: June 2, 1970

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Soil Heating Studies with Cool Season Turfgrasses. IV. Energy Requirements for Electric Soil Heating1

  1. C. G. McKiel,
  2. F. B. Ledeboer and
  3. C. R. Skogley2



Electrical energy use was recorded for soil heating studies conducted in turf from 1967 to 1969. Heating densities of 54 W/m2 (5W/ft2), 108 W/m2 (10 W/ft2), and 162 W/m2 (15 W/ft2) were employed. Energy consumption was a function of environmental conditions. Regression lines were constructed from kilowatt-hour and degree-day data. These data should be useful for estimating energy requirements of similar soil heating installations in turf.

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