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Agronomy Journal Abstract -

Estimating Transpiration Resistance1

 

This article in AJ

  1. Vol. 65 No. 2, p. 326-328
     
    Received: May 25, 1972


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doi:10.2134/agronj1973.00021962006500020041x
  1. Lynn J. Brun,
  2. Edward T. Kanemasu and
  3. William L. Powers2

Abstract

Abstract

Previous estimates of transpiration resistance have been based on the stomatal resistance of only a few leaves per plant. Because the lower stomatal resistances observed in upper leaves compared to lower leaves in dense canopies could introduce sampling errors, transpiration resistance was determined in a sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] canopy by two methods based on the stomatal resistance of all the leaves on a plant and a third method based on the stomatal resistance of only the upper three leaves. Stomatal resistance was measured with the diffusion porometer.

The three methods of determining transpiration resistance included: (i) harmonically averaging the stomatal resistance of all the leaves on a plant; (ii) dividing the crop canopy into layers and weighting each layer resistance by its leaf area index; and (iii) harmonically averaging the stomatal resistances of the upper three leaves of the plant. Methods 1 and Z gave almost identical estimates of transpiration resistance. When methods 1 and 3 were evaluated by the Monteith evapotranspiration model, the evapotranspiration estimate using method 1 gave closer agreement with lysimeter evapotranspiration than when method 3 was used in the model.

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