Yield Response of Soybean Varieties Grown at Two Soil Moisture Stress Levels1
- H. J. Mederski and
- D. L. Jeffers2
Eight soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merrill] varieties each of four maturity groups were grown to maturity at optimum and deficient soil moisture conditions to determine differences in varietal response to soil stress. A significant variety by stress level interaction on seed yield was detected anaong varieties in each of four maturity groups, indicating that the effect of soil moisture stress on yield varied among varieties.
Under high moisture stress conditions, the yield of the most stress resistant varieties was reduced about 20%, while the yield of the least stress-resistant varieties was reduced about 40%. The absolute reduction in yield for the most stress-sensitive varieties was approximately 1000 kg/ha, while the yield of the least stress-sensitive varieties was reduced about 200 to 400 kg/ha.
Under conditions of optimum soil moisture, the difference in yield among varieties was large relative to the difference in yield produced under deficient moisture conditions. A low or nonstress soil moisture level permits greater genotypic expression, thereby increasing genotypic variance among varieties. A low soil moisture stress environment appears to be the optimum environment for selecting soybean yield attributes.Please view the pdf by using the Full Text (PDF) link under 'View' to the left.
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