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This article in AJ

  1. Vol. 68 No. 1, p. 20-22
     
    Received: June 12, 1974


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doi:10.2134/agronj1976.00021962006800010006x

Zinc Response in Corn as Influenced by Genetic Variability1

  1. U. C. Shukla and
  2. Hans Raj2

Abstract

Abstract

Influence of genetic variability on Zn response in recently improved corn (Zea mays L) genotypes has not been investigated. Therefore, eight genotypes representing indigenous, hybrid, and composite varieties, were evaluated in the greenhouse using a Zn deficient loamy sand soil (Typic Torripsamments) at 0 (original soil), 5, 10 ppm Zn applied to the soil. Zinc deficiency symptoms, dry matter yield response (6 weeks after sowing), concentration, and P/Zn and Fe/Zn ratios were the criteria for evaluation. There was considerable variation among the eight genotypes in the severity of Zn deficiency symptoms, growth depression, Zn concentration, P/Zn, and Fe/Zn ratios under Zn stress conditions. The depression in shoot and root dry matter yield under Zn stress conditions ranged from 78 to 95 and 72 to 94%, respectively, as compared to 5 ppm supplemental Zn level. Zinc concentration in different genotypes under Zn stress condition varied from 7.4 to 20.5 ppm. The differential response among the genotypes was found to be associated with their capability to exploit soil Zn and/or translocate it to the shoot. The contribution of P/Zn and/or Fe/Zn balance in tissues to the variability in Zn responses was not significant.

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