Responses of Three Peanut Cultivars to Gypsum1
- Milton E. Walker,
- Terry C. Keisling and
- J. Stanley Drexler2
The differential response of peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) cultivars to soil applications of Ca has been established for many years. Recent research reports, however, have indicated that peanut cultivars respond similarly to Ca application. This may result in part from new peanut cultivars differing in their response to Ca. Experiments were therefore conducted on a low Ca soil to measure responses of three commonly grown peanut cultivars to soil-applied Ca.
Gypsum was applied at 0 and 1,121 kg/ha in a split-plot design using ‘Florunner,’ ‘Florigiant,’ and ‘NC-Fla 14’ peanut cultivars. Other nutrients were applied uniformly. Yield, sound mature kernels (SMK), extra large kernels (ELK), and % N and oil in the seed were measured.
Results from this experiment show that gypsum had no effect on yield or sound mature kernels of Florunner peanuts. Florunner peanuts produced higher yields and grades than Florigiant or NC-Fla 14, regardless of treatments. Gypsum application to Florigiant and NC-Fla 14 peanuts increased yields, sound mature kernels, and extra large kernels. In general, gypsum increased the % oil in all cultivars. Florigiant contained less oil than the other cultivars. Nitrogen content of the seed of all cultivars was reduced by gypsum application. These data indicate that on low Ca soils Florunner peanuts can produce higher yields and quality with or without gypsum, while Florigiant and NC-Fla 14 need gypsum fertilization to increase yield and improve quality.Please view the pdf by using the Full Text (PDF) link under 'View' to the left.
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