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Agronomy Journal Abstract -

Yield and Nitrogen Utilization by Rice as Affected by Method and Time of Application of Labelled Nitrogen1


This article in AJ

  1. Vol. 68 No. 6, p. 965-969
    Received: Mar 13, 1976

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  1. K. R. Reddy and
  2. W. H. Patrick Jr.2



Recent increases in the cost of N fertilizer make it important to examine methods of improving the utilization of fertilizer N by lowland rice (Oryza sativa L.). The objective of the present investigations was to compare the effects of different methods and times of N application on yield and utilization of N by lowland rice. Field experiments using labelled fertilizer N were carried out during 1974 and 1975 utilizing different times and methods of application of ammonium sulfate on small field plots (2.32 m2). Fertilizer N was applied either by deep placement at the beginning of the season or at one or more times during the growing season as surface application. Relative contributions of native soil N and fertilizer N sources to plant uptake were followed during the growing season, and total uptake of native soil N and fertilizer N by rice was determined at harvest.

Highest grain yields were obtained where all of the N was applied early in the growing season or where part of the N was applied in early season and part applied no later than mid season. Late season application of part of the nitrogen was not as effective. In 1974, recovery of fertilizer N (in grain and straw) was highest in the plots receiving all N by deep placement, while in 1975 split application (half at early season and half at mid season) gave greatest N utilization. For the 2 years, the recovery of fertilizer in grain and straw ranged from 33 to 61% of applied N. Rice plants derived more fertilizer N during the early part of the growing season with the rate of uptake decreasing as the season progressed. Recovery of fertilizer N calculated from labelled N data showed lower values, compared to the recovery of fertilizer N estimated by a method based on total N uptake difference between the plots receiving N and the untreated plots. More native soil N was taken up by the crop from the plots receiving fertilizer IN than from the check plots in 1974, but there was little difference in uptake in 1975.

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