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Agronomy Journal Abstract -

Forage Establishment in Wheat Stuble


This article in AJ

  1. Vol. 70 No. 6, p. 969-972
    Received: June 16, 1978

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  1. F. J. Olsen,
  2. J. H. Jones and
  3. J. J. Faix2



The establishment of forages using wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) as a companion crop has been unreliable in recent years because of competition for light and moisture by vigorous, high-yielding, modern wheat cultivars. This field study was conducted during 1975–77 to assess the feasibility of establishing forages in late summer in wheat stubble grown on a fine-silty, mixed, mesic Aquic Hapluadolf soil using different tillage systems and seeding implements. Tillage systems used included conventional, disk, and no-till. The Allis-Chaimers No-Till planter, Bril. lion seeder, International Harvester grain drill, John Deere Model 1500 Powr-till drill, and Zip seeder were employed to determine the possibility of obtaining acceptable stands of Ladino clover (Trifolium repens L.), red clover (Trifolium pratense L.), and tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea Schreb.). Forages were successfully established in wheat stubble without tillage using the Allis-Chalmers No-Till planter and John Deere Model 1500 Powr-till drill. Satisfactory forage stands were obtained using the Brillion seeder and International Harvester grain drill in disked wheat residue and a conventionally prepared seedbed. The Zip seeder did not operate satisfactorily in wheat stubble in this study. Planting forages in wheat stubble enhanced winter cover, providing soil protection from erosion.

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