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This article in AJ

  1. Vol. 71 No. 1, p. 21-24
     
    Received: Oct 25, 1977


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doi:10.2134/agronj1979.00021962007100010005x

Foliar Application of P. II. Yield Responses of Corn and Soybeans Sprayed with Various Condensed Phosphates and P-N Compounds in Greenhouse and Field Experiments1

  1. D. Barel and
  2. C. A. Black2

Abstract

Abstract

Greenhouse and field experiments were conducted with corn (Zea mays L.) and soybeans (Glycine max L. Merr.) to evaluate the growth response of foliar sprays with several condensed phosphates and P-N compounds. The maximum concentration of P tolerated in solutions of tri- and tetrapolyphosphates applied as sprays in the greenhouse was 1.3% with corn and 1.1% with soybeans. The maximum concentration of P tolerated as orthophosphate was 0.5% with corn and 0.4% with soybeans. With soybeans, the yields of plants sprayed with various condensed P compounds significantly exceeded the yields of the unsprayed control, which would not be classed as P-deficient on the basis of the P content of the leaves. Spraying the plants, however, increased the P concentration in the leaves. Phosphoryl triamide produced the highest yields of above-ground dry matter of corn plants in an experiment in which several P-N compounds and condensed phosphates were brushed on the leaves. Several different condensed phosphates were sprayed on corn and soybeans in a field experiment on a fine loamy, mixed, mesic typic haplaquoll (Webster silt loam). An increase in yield of corn that was statistically significant at the 5% level was obtained from spraying. The yields with tri- and tetrapolyphosphate were, respectively, 760 and 754 kg/ha above the control yield of 10,234 kg/ha. With soybeans, the increase in yield due to treatment was significant at the 18% level, and the increase was equivalent to 256 kg/ha above the control yield of 3747 kg/ha.

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