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Agronomy Journal Abstract -

Agronomic Performance and Protein Content of Fall-planted Triticale, Wheat, and Rye1


This article in AJ

  1. Vol. 71 No. 2, p. 359-360
    Received: May 4, 1978

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  1. U. R. Bishnoi and
  2. J. L. Hughes2



Triticale (X Triticosecale Wittmack) is a relatively new grain and forage crop, but no information is available on agronomic performance of this crop relative to wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) and rye (Secale cereale L.) grown in the southeastern U. S. A field experiment was conducted during three growing seasons, 1973–1975, on a Decatur silty clay loam soil (Rhodic Paleudult) to provide comparative data on seven triticale cultivars and one recommended cultivar each of wheat and rye. Results indicated that forage yields of two winter-type triticales, ‘6TA 131’ and ‘6TA 385’, were equal to that of ‘Winter-grazer 70’ rye and significantly better than ‘Arthur’ wheat or rye for grain yield. Clipping for forage reduced grain yied 15 to 200/, in intermediate types, 9 to 12% in wheat and winter triticales, and less than 4% in rye. Winter triticales were taller or equal to rye in height and also showed relatively more lodging than wheat and intermediate types. Test weight of wheat was highest. The protein content in dry green forage ranged from 24 to 27% among all the entries. Triticale cultivars averaged 14.4% rotein in the whole grain while wheat and rye averaged 13.7 and 13.2%, respectively.

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