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This article in AJ

  1. Vol. 71 No. 5, p. 717-723
     
    Received: Oct 4, 1978


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doi:10.2134/agronj1979.00021962007100050006x

Utilization of 15N Fertilizer by Nodulating and Non-Nodulating Soybean Isolines1

  1. E. J. Deibert,
  2. Manuel Bijeriego and
  3. R. A. Olson2

Abstract

Abstract

Uncertainty remains concerning the magnitude of symbiotic N fixation by the soybean crop [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] when grown under varied N management systems. For deriving further enlightenment on the issue, 15N-enriched fertilizer was applied on two soybean isolines with objectives of measuring the fraction of N derived from symbiotic fixation, residual soil N and applied fertilizer N. Plant samples were collected at full bloom, beginning-seed, and full-maturity stages in a field experiment conducted at the University of Nebraska Field Lab on Sharpsburg soil (Typic Argiudoll) of 3.3% organic matter content. Nitrogen fertilizer was applied at rates of 45, 89, and 134 kg/ha at planting or at full bloom.

Nitrogen fertilization had no significant influence on yield or N and oil concentration of the nodulating isoline seed but increased these parameters of the non-nodulating isoline, with delay in N fertilization being distinctly advantageous. Fertilizer utilization percentage by both isolines at later growth stages increased as fertilizer rate increased, contrary to N utilization patterns of cereal crops.

“A ” value increases with increased N fertilizer rates suggested a soil N priming and/or root extension effect. Less plant N came from the soil with delayed N fertilizer application. Fertilizer applied at planting at rates above 45 kg N/ha reduced the symbiotically fixed N fraction, whereas delaying fertilizer application had no such influence at any rate of N employed.

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