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This article in AJ

  1. Vol. 75 No. 3, p. 537-543
    Received: Mar 31, 1982

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Leaf Pubescence Effects on the Mass and Energy Exchange Between Soybean Canopies and the Atmosphere1

  1. D. D. Baldocchi,
  2. S. B. Verma,
  3. N. J. Rosenberg,
  4. B. L. Blad,
  5. A. Garay and
  6. J. E. Specht2



Mass and energy exchanges with the atmosphere were compared in two soybean (Glycine max L. Merr. cv. Harosoy) isolines differing in pubescence density. The study was conducted in a field with a Sharpsburg silty clay loam soil (fine, montmorillonitic, mesic Typic Argiudoll) during the summer of 1980 at Mead, Nebr. Mass and energy exchanges were determined by means of micrometeorological techniques. Evapotranspiration (reported in terms of latent heat flux) was reduced in the densely pubescent isoline. Canopy CO2 exchange was unchanged on a per unit land area basis. Water use efficiency (reported in terms of the CO2-water flux ratio) was, accordingly, greater in the densely pubescent isoline. The increase in pubescence did not significantly alter the net radiation balance, turbulent mixing, canopy CO2 exchange, or plant water status. Observed differences in the partitioning of net radiation into latent and sensible heat can be explained by greater penetration of solar radiation into the densely pubescent canopy. Leaf pubescence appears to alter the spectral characteristics of the leaf and, thus, to facilitate the penetration of solar radiation into the canop.

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