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This article in AJ

  1. Vol. 76 No. 6, p. 934-938
     
    Received: July 25, 1983


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doi:10.2134/agronj1984.00021962007600060017x

Foliar Application of N and Fe to Kentucky Bluegrass1

  1. A. K. Yust,
  2. D. J. Wehner and
  3. T. W. Fermanian2

Abstract

Abstract

The goal of the professional lawn care industry is to provide the homeowner with a dark green weed-free lawn. Members of this industry are interested in techniques to enhance the color of a turfgrass stand in lien of excessive N fertilization. The purpose of this research was to evaluate the use of foliar applications of Fe alone or in combination with N on the color response of Kentucky bluegrass (Poa pratensis L.). Iron sulfate or an iron chelate was applied at the rate of 1.1, 2.2, or 4.5 kg Fe ha−1 in combination with either 0, 25, or 49 kg N ha−1 to a mixed ‘Columbia’/‘Touchdown’ Kentucky bluegrass turf growing on a Catlin silt loam (flne-silty, mixed, mesie Typic Argiudoll). Color ratings and clipping weights were determined on a weekly basis until treatment effects were no longer significant. In a separate experiment, both sources of Fe were applied at rates of 1.1 to 72.4 kg Fe ha−1 to Kentucky bluegrass to evaluate phytotoxicity. The color enhancement due to Fe applications without N lasted from several weeks to several months depending on the weather following application. Use of Fe during cool wet periods enhanced turf color for only 2 to 3 weeks and therefore, was considered of limited value. Iron applications during cool dry periods enhanced turf color for several months. The treatment of 2.2 kg ha−1 of Fe from iron chelate was judged to be the most effective Fe treatment because the color enhancement was usually equal to that provided by a 4.5 kg rate of either source but it did not result in any discoloration as was found with the 4.5 kg rate. Combining Fe with the 25 kg ha−1 rate of N resulted in color enhancement equal to that caused by applying 49 kg ha−1 of N alone. The results of the study indicate that combining Fe with N can result in acceptable turfgrass color with lower rates of N. No permanent damage was caused to turfs receiving Fe at rates up to 72.2 kg ha−1 although foliar phytotoxicity was observed.

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