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This article in AJ

  1. Vol. 78 No. 1, p. 59-62
     
    Received: Sept 28, 1984


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doi:10.2134/agronj1986.00021962007800010013x

Impact of Wheat Cultivars on Establishment and Suppression of Summer Annual Weeds1

  1. G. A. Wicks,
  2. R. E. Ramsel,
  3. P. T. Nordquist,
  4. J. W. Schmidt and
  5.  Challaiah2

Abstract

Abstract

Differences in weed interference among winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cultivars have been observed in farmer fields. Identifying cultivars that are more competitive would be useful in weed control programs. Twenty cultivars of winter wheat were grown with spring germinating weeds during 1979 and 1980 and eight cultivars were grown in 1981 at North Platte, NE on a Typic Argiustoll soil. Cultivars included semi-dwarf through normal statured types and were adapted to a wide geographic area of the Central Great Plains. ‘Lancota’ selections (NE 78939, NE 78906, NE 78895, NE 78892, and NE 78925) and sister lines NE 78742 and NE 78743 were good weed competitors. ‘Centurk 78’, ‘Buckskin’, ‘Vona’, and ‘Sage’ were intermediate, while ‘Homestead’ and several lines with Homestead germplasm were relatively poor annual weed competitors. Several cultivars that were 73 to 78 cm tall were poor competitors with weeds, while most cultivars that were 83 cm or taller were good competitors. NE 78742 (75 cm) and NE 78743 (72 cm) were among the shortest cultivars but were among the best in competitiveness with weeds. Cultivar selection can reduce summer annual weed growth in winter wheat

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