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This article in AJ

  1. Vol. 81 No. 4, p. 637-643
     
    Received: June 28, 1988


    * Corresponding author(s):
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doi:10.2134/agronj1989.00021962008100040017x

Dicamba Injury to Soybean

  1. J. D. Weidenhamer *,
  2. G. B. Triplett and
  3. F. E. Sobotka
  1. D ep. of Chemistry, 232 Choppin Hall, Louisiana State Univ., Baton Rouge, LA 70803
    D ep. of Agronomy, Mississippi State Univ., P.O. Box 5248, Mississippi State, MS 39762
    S obotka, Sandoz LTD. Agro Div., 4002 Basel, Switzerland

Abstract

Abstract

Dicamba (3,6dichloro-2-methoxybemoic acid) effectively controls many dicotyledonous weeds, but nontarget species such as soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merrill) are susceptible to spray or vapor drift. Field studies were conducted on a Canfield silt loam (fineloamy, mixed, mesic Aquic Fragiudalf) soil to determine the response of ‘Elf’ and ‘Williams’ soybean to dicamba over a wide range of applied rates, and to evaluate the use of dicamba injury symptoms to predict yield reductions. Soybean yield in response to increasing rates of dicamba was described by equations of the form y = Aexp( −bx), where y = yield, A = maximum yield (rate = 0 g ha−1), b is a constant, and x = rate of dicamba applied. Height reduction, seed number ha−1, and morphological symptoms of dicamba injury were useful in assessing yield reduction. Except for Elf soybean treated at the midbloom stage, there was no yield reduction without height reduction, regardless of foliar symptoms. Seed number ha−1 decreased with increasing rates of dicamba and was closely correlated with yield. Yield reductions greater than 10% were indicated by severe morphological symptoms of injury, such as terminal bud kill, splitting of the stem, swollen petioles, and curled, malformed pods. Other foliar symptoms, such as distinctive crinkling and cupping of the terminal leaves, occurred at rates much lower than those required to cause yield reductions.

Contribution from the Dep. of Agronomy, Ohio State Univ. Salaries and research support provided by State and Federal Funds appropriated to the Ohio Agric. Res. and Dev. Ctr., The Ohio State Univ. Journal Article no. 141–85.

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