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This article in AJ

  1. Vol. 81 No. 5, p. 837-840
     
    Received: June 20, 1988


    * Corresponding author(s):
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doi:10.2134/agronj1989.00021962008100050027x

Plant Tissue Degradation Measurement Using Image Analysis

  1. E. K. Twidwell ,
  2. K. D. Johnson,
  3. C. E. Bracker,
  4. J. A. Patterson and
  5. J. H. Cherney
  1. P lant Sci. Dep., South Dakota State Univ., Brookings, SD 57007
    D ep. of Agronomy, Purdue Univ., West Lafayette, IN 47907
    D ep. of Botany and Plant Pathology, Purdue Univ., West Lafayette, IN 47907
    D ep. of Animal Sci., Purdue Univ., West Lafayette, IN 47907

Abstract

Abstract

Several microscopic techniques have been used to measure plant tissue degradation by rumen microorganisms. Our objective was to develop a less subjective method for measuring plant tissue degradation using computer-based image analysis rather than visual appraisal. Three millimeter segments of leaf blades from ‘Cave-In-Rock’ switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) were placed either directly into a fixative or into buffered rumen fluid for 48 h. Segments were retrieved and prepared for light microscopy by fixation, dehydration, embedding, trimming, and sectioning at a thickness of 2 μ. Tissues in cross section were measured with an optical image analysis system and each tissue type was classified as undigested, partially digested, or completely digested. The relative proportion of tissue types in undigested samples ranged from 1.9 ± 0.20% for phloem tissue to 35.9 ± 1.26% for mesophyll tissue. Standard deviations of measurements from digested samples ranged from 1.1 to 12.2%. Degradation of xylem and phloem was difficult to measure and had the highest standard deviations of 9.8 and 12.2%, respectively. This method requires approximately 15 min per sample, and although it is more time consuming than visual estimation methods, it has the advantage of measuring extent of digestion on an area basis more objectively than other methods currently used.

Contribution from the Purdue Univ. Agric. Exp. Stn. as Journal Paper No. 11725. Part of a thesis submitted by the senior author in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Ph.D. degree.

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