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This article in AJ

  1. Vol. 82 No. 2, p. 302-304
     
    Received: Feb 9, 1989


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doi:10.2134/agronj1990.00021962008200020025x

Nutrition of Mycorrhizal Soybean Evaluated by the Diagnosis and Recommendation Integrated System (DRIS)

  1. Gabor J. Bethlenfalvay ,
  2. Raymond L. Franson and
  3. Milford S. Brown
  1. USDA-ARS, Western Regional Research Center, Albany, CA 94710

Abstract

Abstract

Colonization of roots by vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal (VAM) fungi affects host-plant growth and nutrition, but standard methods to evaluate VAM effects are lacking. The Diagnosis and Recommendation Integrated Syslem (DRIS) may serve this purpose, and an analysis of mycorrhiza-mediated nutrient-uptake effects on soybean [Glycine max L.) M'err. CY. Hobbit) plants by DRIS is presented. Plants were grown either colonized by one of three geographical isolates of the VAM fungus Glomus mosseae (Nicol & Gerd) Gerd and Trappe or as nonVAM controls in a nutrient-deficient soil. Plant development and nutritional status differed among the treatments. Analysis by DWS confirmed that N, P, and K were limiting, and established different rankings in the degree of deficiency for each nutrient. Nitrogen was least limiting in all four treatments and K or P were most limiting in each of two treatments. The analysis permitted a ranking of the G. mosseae isolates as to their effects on the uptake of each nutrienl. Evaluation of VAM-mediated nutrientuptake effects by DRIS and by nutrient-dilution and concentration analyses could become useful in the selection of specific VAM fungal isolates for their specific crop responses.

Contribution from the Plant-Soil Symbiosis Group, Plant Development-Productivity Unit, WRRC.

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