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This article in AJ

  1. Vol. 85 No. 3, p. 659-663
     
    Received: Apr 20, 1992


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doi:10.2134/agronj1993.00021962008500030026x

Post-Anthesis Nitrogen Loss from Corn

  1. D. D. Francis ,
  2. J. S. Schepers and
  3. M. F. Vigil
  1. USDA-ARS, Akron, CO 80720.

Abstract

Abstract

Published research has shown relatively large amounts of NH3 being lost from aboveground vegetation during grain development for various grain crops For corn (Zea mays L.), maximum net N accumulation usually occurs during early reproductive development (R1-R3) and a subsequent decline is often observed. Two recently completed N fertilizer recovery studies on irrigated corn utilizing isotopic techniques were re-examined to quantify post-anthesis N losses from aboveground biomass of irrigated corn under different N regimes. These studies were conducted at different sites, in different years, with fertilizer rates ranging from 50 to 300 kg N ha−1. Measured losses of labeled N from aboveground plant material ranged from 7 to 34 kg N ha−1. Isotopic dilution suggests that apparent real N losses from aboveground biomass ranged from 45 to 81 kg N ha−1, assuming there is no selectivity for N source (i.e., 15 N vs. 14N). Plant N losses accounted for 52 to 73% of the unaccounted-for N in 15N balance calculations. Failure to include direct plant N losses when calculating an N budget leads to overestimation of losses from the soil by denitrification, leaching, and ammonia volatilization. Proper accounting for volatile plant N losses may improve management strategies that affect N fertilizer use efficiencies.

Published as Paper no. 9933, J. Series, Nebraska Agric. Res. Div., Lincoln.

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