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This article in AJ

  1. Vol. 85 No. 6, p. 1237-1243
     
    Received: Dec 21, 1992


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doi:10.2134/agronj1993.00021962008500060027x

Fall Tillage Method: Effect on Short-Term Carbon Dioxide Flux from Soil

  1. Donald C. Reicosky  and
  2. Michael J. Lindstrom
  1. USDA-ARS, North Central Soil Conservation Res. Lab., N. Iowa Avenue, Morris, MN 56267

Abstract

Abstract

The increasing concern for rising CO2 concentrations from agricultural activities has prompted the need to better understand the flux of greenhouse gases to the atmosphere. This work determines the effect of four fall tillage methods on short-term CO2 flux from a Hamerly lay loam (fine-loamy, frigid Aeric Calciaquoll) in the northern Corn Belt. Moldboard plow only, moldboard plow plus disk harrow twice, disk harrow once, and chisel plow once using standard tillage equipment following a wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) crop were compared with no-tillage. The CO2 flux was measured with a large portable system commonly used to measure canopy gas exchange of field crops. Measurements of CO2 flux were initiated within 5 min after tillage completion for each tillage treatment and continued intermittently for 19 d. Moldboard plow had the roughest soil surface and the highest initial CO2 flux (29 g m−2 h−1) and maintained the highest flux throughout the study. Moldboard plow plus disking twice and chisel plow had similar initial rates (7 and 6 g m−2 h−1, respectively) that were greater than disk harrow and no-tillage. The high initial CO2 fluxes were more related to depth of soil disturbance that resulted in a rougher surface and larger voids than to residue incorporation. The differences in CO2 flux between tillage treatments were small but consistent 19 d after initial tillage and 64 mm rain. Lower CO2 flux rates caused by tillage were associated with low soil disturbance and/or small voids. Tillage methods affected the initial CO2 flux differently and suggest improved soil management can minimize agriculture's impact on global CO2 increase.

In cooperation with the Minnesota Agric. Exp. Stn., Scientific Journal Series no. 20,078.

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