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This article in AJ

  1. Vol. 86 No. 3, p. 585-587
     
    Received: Apr 12, 1993


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doi:10.2134/agronj1994.00021962008600030024x

A Method for Infesting Small Field Plots with Soybean Cyst Nematode

  1. J. A. Browde,
  2. G. L. Tylka,
  3. L. P. Pedigo  and
  4. M. D. K. Owen
  1. Z eneca Ag. Products, Eastern Regional Technical Ctr., Whitakers, NC 27891
    D ep. of Plant Pathology Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA 50011
    D ep. of Entomology Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA 50011

Abstract

Abstract

Field experimentation with soybean cyst nematode (Heterodera glycines Ichinohe) is difficult, because of problems in obtaining plots with desired population densities. Therefore, a technique was developed for infesting small field plots with soybean cyst nematode. In 1990 and 1991, cysts, eggs, and infective juveniles were mixed with soil and applied with a commercial fertilizer spreader. Infected soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] root segments were distributed by hand. Infested soil and roots were incorporated with a tractor-drawn herbicide incorporator; and plots were planted to susceptible soybean. At-planting egg densities in 1990 and 1991 averaged 184 and 100 eggs 100 cm−3 soil, respectively, representing 78 and 90% of expected egg densities. Resultant low densities of encysted eggs, which are highly aggregated, probably prevented detection of eggs in some plots. No soybean cyst nematode was detected in uninfested plots at planting, although some contamination was noted at harvest. This method may be appropriate for establishing soybean cyst nematode population densities for some small-plot research.

Journal Paper no. J-15093 of the Iowa Agric. Exp. Stn., Projects 2285, 2580, 2871, and 2903

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