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This article in AJ

  1. Vol. 86 No. 4, p. 601-608
    Received: July 13, 1993

    * Corresponding author(s):


Soybean Yield and Pest Management as Influenced by Nematodes, Herbicides, and Defoliating Insects

  1. J. A. Browde,
  2. L. P Pedigo ,
  3. M. D. K. Owen and
  4. G. L. Tylka
  1. Z eneca Ag. Products, Rt. 1, Box 117, Whitakers, NC 27891
    D ep. of Entomology
    D ep. of Agronomy
    D ep. of Plant Pathology, Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA 50011



Pest management strategies based on crop losses from single stress factors may be inadequate where multiple stresses occur. Consequently, experiments were conducted in 1989, 1990, and 1991 to quantify interactive effects of stresses from soybean cyst nematode (Heterodera glycines Ichinohe), acifluorfen(5-[2-chloro-4-(trifluoromethyl)phenoxy]-2-nitrobenzoic acid) plus bentazon [3-(l-methylethyl)-(l//)-2,l,3-benzothiadiazin- 4(3ff)-one 2,2-dioxide] herbicides, and green cloverworm [Plathypena scabra (F.)] on seed yield of soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.]. Treatments were combinations of at-planting soybean cyst nematode soil density, acifluorfen plus bentazon rate, and green cloverworm defoliation level. Herbicides were applied at V6 soybean development, while green cloverworm feeding was simulated during R2 to R4 soybean development. Plot yield and yield components (pods per plant, seeds per pod, and weight per seed) were determined. Herbicide injury and defoliation independently reduced yield in 1990 and 1991. Yield reductions from defoliation were attributed to fewer pods per plant, while herbicide injury decreased pods per plant (1990) and weight per seed (1990 and 1991). Moreover, herbicide injury and defoliation interacted over 1990 and 1991 to decrease yield. Although stress from soybean cyst nematode alone never affected yield, interactions with herbicides and with defoliation reduced yield in 1990. No treatment effects on yield were found in 1989, probably due to uncontrolled environmental factors. Because of the 2-yr herbicides x defoliation effect, lower economic injury levels for green cloverworm were developed for soybean treated with acifluorfen plus bentazon. To account for potential interactions involving soybean cyst nematode, growers will be advised to consider adjusting weed and insect management strategies for soybean fields infested with soybean cyst nematode.

Journal Paper no. J-15443 of the Iowa Agric. Exp. Stn., Projects 2285, 2580, 2871, and 2903.

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