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This article in AJ

  1. Vol. 88 No. 5, p. 717-722
     
    Received: May 19, 1995


    * Corresponding author(s): vwmulu@volcani.agri.gov.il
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doi:10.2134/agronj1996.00021962008800050006x

Water Transport Characteristics of Cotton as Affected by Drip Irrigation Layout

  1. Samuel Moreshet ,
  2. Marcel Fuchs,
  3. Yehezkel Cohen,
  4. Yefet Cohen and
  5. Matthias Langensiepen
  1. Dep. of Tropical and Subtropical Field Crops, Univ. of Kassel-Witzenhausen, Witzenhausen, Germany

Abstract

Abstract

To reduce drip irrigation equipment costs, dripper fines are laid in alternate interrow spaces. This study examined the effect of this practice on cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) water relations. Measurements of water uptake and water potential of plants grown in the field were conducted during four rainless summers at two locations. During the first summer, drippers in every interrow space delivered about $0 mm of water, the exact amount depending on estimated evapotranspiration (ET), every 10 d. The following summer, drip lines were laid in alternate interrow spaces, applying frequent (2-4 d) and small (10-20 mm) amounts of water, based on estimated ET. Treatments were repeated the following two summers. Measurements included water uptake (F), leaf water potential (ψΙ, and soil water content. Whenever a linear relationship between diurnal ψΙ and F was found, we determined the hydraulic conductance (KT) of the plants as the line's slope reciprocal, and the intercept (ψ0) as the water potential at the root-soil interface. A linear relation was found in the treatment with drippers in every interrow space. Water stress developed toward the end of the irrigation interval, causing KT to decrease without affecting ψ0. Irrigation restored KT to its initial value. With the alternate interrow-space pattern, the relationship between ψΙ and F remained linear only until midday. Afternoon (ψΙ, F) points were below those of the morning, suggesting a lowering of the soil water potential near the roots. It was concluded that drippers laid in alternate interrow spaces expose cotton to frequent short periods of water stress.

Contribution no. 1637-E, 1995 Agile. Res. Org., The Volcani Ctr., Bet Dag

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