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This article in AJ

  1. Vol. 90 No. 4, p. 466-470
     
    Received: July 15, 1997


    * Corresponding author(s): danneberger.l@osu.edu
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doi:10.2134/agronj1998.00021962009000040004x

Dollar Spot Severity as Influenced by Trinexapac-ethyl, Creeping Bentgrass Cultivar, and Nitrogen Fertility

  1. Robert C. Golembiewski and
  2. T. Karl Danneberger 
  1. D ep. of Plant Sciences, Montana State Univ., Bozeman, MT 59717-3140
    D ep. of Horticulture and Crop Science, The Ohio State Univ., Columbus, OH 43210-1086

Abstract

Abstract

Dollar spot (Sclerotinia homoeocarpa F.T. Bennelt) is a widely distributed and destructive pathogen of turfgrass in the United States. A 2-yr field study was conducted at Columbus, OH, to determine the influence of a plant growth regulator, creeping bentgrass (Agrostis stolonifera L.) cultivars, and N fertility on dollar spot severity. ‘Crenshaw’ creeping bentgrass was seeded alone or in a 50:50 blend by weight with ‘Penncross’ creeping bentgrass. Plots were fertilized at 0, 24.4, or 48.8 kg N ha−1 per application. One-half of each plot received trinexapac-ethyl (TE) [4-(cyclopropyl-α-hydroxymethylene)-3,5-dioxo-cyclohexanecarboxylic acid methyl ester] at 0.8 L ha−1. The TE and fertilizer treatments were initiated in May 1995 and 1996 with four subsequent applications made at 30-d intervals. Initially, the cultivar blend reduced the rate of dollar spot development compared with Crenshaw alone; however, neither the blend nor Crenshaw provided commercially acceptable dollar spot suppression throughout the study. Both TE and N fertilization significantly (P ≤ 0.05) reduced dollar spot severity over the 2-yr period. Trinexapacethyl applied alone effectively suppressed dollar spot activity, but efficacy increased with increasing N rates. Dollar spot symptoms decreased and thatch thickness increased at elevated N levels. During this 2-yr study, interactions between TE and N fertility resulted in a significant (P ≤ 0.05) reduction in dollar spot severity. Thus, on golf course fairways where dollar spot may be severe, incorporation of these two treatments into a turfgrass management program will enhance dollar spot suppression and reduce fungicide inputs.

Research supported by the Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center (OARDC). Salaries and research support provided state and federal funds appropriated to the OARDC. Additional support provided by the Ohio Turfgrass Foundation.

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