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Agronomy Journal Abstract - SOIL MANAGEMENT

Post-Contract Grassland Management and Winter Wheat Production on Former CRP Fields in the Southern Great Plains


This article in AJ

  1. Vol. 92 No. 6, p. 1109-1117
    Received: Jan 27, 2000

    * Corresponding author(s): thdao@lpsi.barc.usda.gov
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  1. Thanh H. Dao *a,
  2. James H. Stieglerb,
  3. J. C. Banksc,
  4. Laurie Bogle-Boerngend and
  5. Bud Adamse
  1. a USDA-ARS, BARC-East, Bldg. 306, Room 102, 10300 Baltimore Ave., Beltsville, MD 20705 USA
    b Dep. of Plant and Soil Sciences, Oklahoma State Univ., Stillwater, OK 74078 USA
    c Dep. of Plant and Soil Sciences, Oklahoma State Univ., Altus, OK 73521 USA
    d Usda-Nrcs, Beaver, OK 73932 USA
    e Usda-Nrcs, Altus, OK 73521 USA


Integrated management guidelines for postcontract land use Conservation Reserve Program lands in semiarid regions are generally lacking. We determined the relative efficacy of four systems of transitional conservation practices for producing `Old World' bluestem (OWB) (Bothriochlora ischaemum L.) and dryland wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) and cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) on former CRP fields. The sites were located on Dalhart fine sandy loam (Aridic Paleustalf) and La Casa–Aspermont clay loam (Typic Paleustoll) near Forgan and Duke, OK, respectively. Removing old growth increased cumulative OWB yields between 1994 and 1997. Applications of 67 kg N and 16.5 kg P ha−1 increased yields by 0, 70, and 180% at Forgan and 290, 70, and 280% at Duke in 1995 to 1997, respectively. Removing the old dry matter and regrowth vigor also enhanced chemical suppression and killing of the grass, the performance of conservation tillage, and achieving a uniform crop stand. Early OWB suppression conserved stored water that was vital to cool-season crop production in the year the contract expired. First-year wheat yields averaged 970, 490, and 1002 kg ha−1 at Forgan and 1590, 600, and 830 kg ha−1 at Duke under unfavorable weather conditions (i.e., drought, late freeze) of 1995 through 1997, respectively. No-till generally produced higher yields, averaging 10 and 35% greater than conservation systems at Forgan and Duke, respectively. In variable semiarid environment, the chance of success for agronomic production decreased in the order of grass production, NT wheat, tilled wheat, and dryland cotton on former CRP lands.

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Copyright © 2000. American Society of AgronomySoil Science Society of America