Tillage and Previous Crop Effects on Dynamics of Nitrogen in a Wheat–Soil System
- Yoong Kee Soon *a,
- George W. Claytonb and
- Wendell A. Ricea
The effects of tillage and preceding legume crops on N flux in the soil–plant system require quantification for developing sustainable cropping systems. We measured changes in soil and plant N under the influence of tillage [no till (NT) vs. conventional tillage (CT)] and previous crops [spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L.), red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) green manure, and field pea (Pisum sativum L.)]. The study was conducted from 1994 through 1996 on a well-drained sandy loam soil (coarse-loamy, mixed, frigid, Typic Cryoboralf) near Fort Vermilion, Alberta (58°23′N, 116°2′W). Nitrogen uptake by wheat was increased by NT and legume crops. At seeding, CT soil had 28 kg ha−1 more NO3–N to 100-cm depth than NT soil. Apparent net N mineralization in the growing season was 71 and 22 kg N ha−1, respectively, for the NT and CT systems. Previous crop effect on net N mineralization (kg N ha−1) was red clover (56) > field pea (51) > wheat (34). Approximately 18 kg N ha−1 was net-mineralized from red clover residues compared with insignificant amounts from pea and wheat residues. Microbial biomass turnover's contribution to net N mineralization (28 to 40 kg N ha−1) was increased by NT and previous legume crop. Soluble organic N decreased by 7 kg ha−1 between seeding and maturity for all experimental treatments. The results indicate that N fertilizer recommendations should allow for greater mineralization of organic N under NT than CT and following a legume green manure.Please view the pdf by using the Full Text (PDF) link under 'View' to the left.
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