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Agronomy Journal Abstract - SYMPOSIUM PAPERS

Weed Dynamics and Management Strategies for Cropping Systems in the Northern Great Plains

 

This article in AJ

  1. Vol. 94 No. 2, p. 174-185
     
    Received: Jan 2, 2001


    * Corresponding author(s): derksen@em.agr.ca
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doi:10.2134/agronj2002.1740
  1. Doug A. Derksen *a,
  2. Randy L. Andersonb,
  3. Robert E. Blackshawc and
  4. Bruce Maxwelld
  1. a Agric. and Agri-Food Can., Box 1000A RR 3, Brandon, MB, Canada R7A 5Y3
    b USDA, Cent. Plains Res. Cent., Box 400, Akron, CO 80720
    c Agric. and Agri-Food Can., Box 3000, Lethbridge, AB, Canada T1J 4B1
    d Dep. of Land Resour. and Environ. Sci., Univ. of Montana, Bozeman, MT 59717-0312

Abstract

Cropping systems in the northern Great Plains (NGP) have evolved from wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)–fallow rotations to diversified cropping sequences. Diversification and continuous cropping have largely been a consequence of soil moisture saved through the adoption of conservation tillage. Consequently, weed communities have changed and, in some cases, become resistant to commonly used herbicides, thus increasing the complexity of managing weeds. The sustainability of diverse reduced tillage systems in the NGP depends on the development of economical and effective weed management systems. Utilizing the principle of varying selection pressure to keep weed communities off balance has reduced weed densities, minimized crop yield losses, and inhibited adverse community changes toward difficult-to-control species. Varied selection pressure was best achieved with a diverse cropping system where crop seeding date, perennation, and species and herbicide mode of action and use pattern were inherently varied. Novel approaches to cropping systems, including balancing rotations between cereal and broadleaf crops, reducing herbicide inputs, organic production, fall-seeded dormant canola (Brassica napus and B. rapa), and the use of cover crops and perennial forages, are discussed in light of potential systems-level benefits for weed management.

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Copyright © 2002. American Society of AgronomyPublished in Agron. J.94:174–185.