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Agronomy Journal Abstract - CROPPING SYSTEMS

Yield and Economic Return of Ten Peanut-Based Cropping Systems


This article in AJ

  1. Vol. 94 No. 6, p. 1289-1294
    Received: Apr 9, 2001

    * Corresponding author(s): david_jordan@ncsu.edu
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  1. David L. Jordan *a,
  2. Jack E. Baileyb,
  3. J. Steven Barnesc,
  4. Clyde R. Bogled,
  5. S. Gary Bullene,
  6. A. Blake Browne,
  7. Keith L. Edmistena,
  8. E. James Dunphya and
  9. P. Dewayne Johnsona
  1. a Dep. of Crop Sci., North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh, NC 27695-7620
    b Dep. of Plant Pathol., Box 7619, North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh, NC 27695-7619
    c Peanut Belt Res. Stn., North Carolina Dep. of Agric. and Consumer Serv., Box 220, Lewiston-Woodville, NC 27849
    d Upper Coastal Plain Res. Stn., Rt. 2 Box 400, North Carolina Dep. of Agric. and Consumer Serv., Rocky Mount, NC 27801
    e Dep. of Agric. and Resour. Econ., Box 8109, North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh, NC 27695-8109


Research was conducted in North Carolina at two locations from 1997 through 2000 to determine net returns of 10 cropping systems during a 4-yr cropping cycle that included peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.), cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.), soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.], and corn (Zea mays L.). Cylindrocladium black rot [caused by Cylindrocladium parasiticum] (CBR) increased when soybean was included in the rotation sequence or when peanut was grown continuously. The CBR-resistant cultivar NC 12C increased yield compared with the susceptible cultivar NC 7 when this disease was present. Cotton was a better rotation crop than corn at one of two locations with respect to peanut yield and gross economic value in the final year of the study. Net returns were substantially lower when peanut was marketed for export in the current federal program rather than at the quota price. However, the profitability ranking among cropping systems changed little regardless of marketing system. Crop yield and net return were influenced by crop selection, weather conditions, and commodity prices during the 4 yr.

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Copyright © 2002. American Society of AgronomyPublished in Agron. J.94:1289–1294.