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This article in AJ

  1. Vol. 96 No. 3, p. 806-811
    Received: Sept 3, 2003

    * Corresponding author(s): karamat.sistani@wku.edu


Supplemental Nitrogen Effect on Broiler-Litter–Fertilized Cotton

  1. K. R. Sistani *a,
  2. D. E. Rowea,
  3. J. Johnsonb and
  4. H. Tewoldea
  1. a USDA-ARS, Waste Manage. and Forage Res. Unit, Mississippi State, MS 39762
    b Mississippi State Univ. (MAFES), Hwy. 7 North, 42 MAFES Circle, Holly Spring, MS 38635


Nitrogen nutrition plays a critical role in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) production. However, increasing N fertilization may not always be desirable because production problems occur when N supply exceeds the crop requirement. A field experiment was conducted during 2000–2002 to study the optimal quantity of N needed from litter or combination of litter N and supplemental inorganic N for optimum cotton yield production. Poultry litter (2.24 Mg ha−1 equivalent to 1 ton acre−1) has been applied to the site annually for the past 20 yr. The experiment included four inorganic N rates (0, 34, 67, and 101 kg N ha−1) as sidedress in addition to litter application. The smallest overall average cotton lint yield of 562 kg ha−1 was obtained during 2000 (an exceptionally dry year) followed by 1551 kg ha−1 in 2001 and 880 kg ha−1 in 2002. The supplemental N application did not impact the cotton yield in 2 out of 3 yr. In the 2000 growing season, cotton yield was significantly greater for 0 and 34 than 67 and 101 kg N ha−1 rates. This indicates the negative effect of excess N application on cotton yield under drought conditions. However, under more favorable soil moisture conditions, no significant yield differences were observed by increasing the supplemental N rate up to 101 kg N ha−1 The 2.24 Mg ha−1 broiler litter application to all plots before planting each year provided approximately 80 kg N ha−1, which proved to be adequate in three consecutive years for optimum cotton production under a no-till system.

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