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This article in AJ

  1. Vol. 97 No. 2, p. 408-417
     
    Received: Feb 19, 2004


    * Corresponding author(s): aadeli@msa-msstate.ars.usda.gov
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doi:10.2134/agronj2005.0408

Effects of Swine Lagoon Effluent Relative to Commercial Fertilizer Applications on Warm-Season Forage Nutritive Value

  1. A. Adeli *a,
  2. J. J. Varcob,
  3. K. R. Sistanic and
  4. D. E. Rowea
  1. a USDA-ARS, Waste Manage. and Forage Res. Unit, 810 Hwy. 12 East, Mississippi State, MS 39762
    b Dep. of Plant and Soil Sci., Mississippi State Univ., Mississippi State, MS 39762
    c USDA-ARS, Waste Manage. Unit, 230 Bennett Ln., Bowling Green, KY 42104

Abstract

Two field experiments were conducted to evaluate the effects of comparable rates of swine lagoon effluent and commercial fertilizer at different harvest dates on dry matter yield and nutritive value of bermudagrass (Cynodon dactylon L.) grown on an acid Vaiden silty clay (very fine, montmorillonitic, thermic, Vertic Hapludalf) and johnsongrass (Sorghum halepense L.) grown on an alkaline Okolona silty clay (fine, montmorillonitic, therimic, Typic Chromudert). At each site, a randomized complete block design with a factorial arrangement of treatments replicated four times was used. Treatments were multiple effluent irrigations resulting in four N rates from 0 to 665 kg N ha−1 yr−1 In each block, commercial fertilizer (N, P, and K) treatments were applied to additional plots at rates equivalent to swine effluent rates. Total dry matter yield and crude protein (CP) for bermudagrass and johnsongrass reached a plateau with application of approximately 450 kg N ha−1 from either swine effluent or commercial fertilizer. Neutral detergent fiber (NDF) and acid detergent fiber (ADF) peaked at the low fertilization rate and then declined with increasing effluent and commercial fertilizer rates. An inverse relationship was obtained for in vitro true digestibility (IVTD) in response to fertilization rate for both grasses. Forage dry matter, CP, NDF, and ADF levels peaked in the July harvest and then declined, but forage IVTD level declined in July harvest. Only in July 1996, forage NO3–N concentration was lower for swine effluent than commercial fertilizer. Swine effluent and commercial fertilizer had similar effects on forage dry matter yield and nutritive value.

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