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This article in AJ

  1. Vol. 97 No. 6, p. 1640-1646
     
    Received: Feb 9, 2005
    Published: Nov, 2005


    * Corresponding author(s): cteutsch@vt.edu
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doi:10.2134/agronj2005.0047

Yield, Digestibility, and Nutritive Value of Crabgrass as Impacted by Nitrogen Fertilization Rate and Source

  1. Chris D. Teutsch *a,
  2. John H. Fikeb and
  3. W. Mac Tilsona
  1. a Virginia Polytechnic Inst. and State Univ., Southern Piedmont Agric. Res. and Ext. Center, Blackstone, VA 23824
    b Crop and Soil Environmental Sciences, Virginia Polytechnic Inst. and State Univ., Blacksburg, VA 24061

Abstract

Crabgrass (Digitaria spp.), a summer annual grass capable of self reseeding, could provide high quality grazing, but little is known about its management in the mid-Atlantic region. This study evaluated the effects of N fertilizer rates and sources on crabgrass yield and nutritive value. Plots were established in late spring of 2001–2003 near Blackstone, VA. The experimental design was a randomized complete block with a factorial treatment arrangement and four replications. Nitrogen rates ranging from 0 to 336 kg ha−1 were applied in 56-kg intervals at seeding as ammonium nitrate (NH4NO3) or broiler litter. Plots were harvested twice in 2001 and three times in 2002 and 2003. Yield increased with N rate for all harvests. Over years and N sources, seasonal yield ranged from 4.2 to 9.8 Mg ha−1 Maximum yield occurred at 300 kg N ha−1 Nitrogen source had little effect on yield but dramatically impacted forage nitrate levels. Over years and N sources mean in vitro true digestibility (IVTD) for first, second, and final harvests were 880, 871, and 786 g kg−1 In 2001 and 2003, first harvest IVTD was negatively correlated with N rate, but positively related at second harvest. Nitrogen source had little effect on IVTD. Over years, N rates, and N sources, CP concentrations at first, second, and final harvests were 105, 105, and 76 g kg−1 These data indicate that crabgrass is a productive and nutritious forage, and that readily available organic N sources such as broiler litter could be effectively utilized for its production.

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