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This article in AJ

  1. Vol. 98 No. 1, p. 198-205
     
    Received: May 3, 2005


    * Corresponding author(s): nslaton@uark.edu
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doi:10.2134/agronj2005-0131

Boron Fertilization Influences on Soybean Yield and Leaf and Seed Boron Concentrations

  1. Joni R. Rossa,
  2. Nathan A. Slaton *a,
  3. Kristofor R. Bryeb and
  4. Russell E. DeLonga
  1. a Dep. of Crop, Soil, and Environmental Sciences, 1366 W. Altheimer Drive, Fayetteville, AR 72704
    b Dep. of Crop, Soil, and Environmental Sciences, 115 Plant Science Building, Fayetteville, AR 72701

Abstract

Soybean [Glycine max (Merr.) L.] is considered relatively insensitive to B deficiency. However, B deficiency has recently become a common nutrient deficiency of soybean in northeast Arkansas. Field studies were conducted on four alkaline silt-loam soils in northeast Arkansas to determine the influence of B application time and rate on soybean growth, tissue B concentration, and seed yield. Boron fertilizer was applied at 0, 0.28, 0.56, 1.12, and 2.24 kg B ha−1 near the V2 or R2 growth stages. Boron fertilization had no significant effect on soybean yield at one site but increased seed yields from 4 to 130% at three sites. At the most responsive site, B application at V2 increased yields by 13% compared with applications at R2. In contrast, at a site where leaf B concentrations were sufficient for soybean receiving no B, B applied at the R2 stage significantly increased seed yields by 5% compared with V2 B applications. Trifoliate leaf B concentrations at the R2 stage increased as B rate increased. Seed B concentrations also increased as B rate increased. Boron applied at the R2 stage resulted in equal or greater seed B concentrations than B applied at the V2 stage. Application of 0.28 to 1.12 kg B ha−1 during early vegetative or reproductive growth was sufficient to produce near maximal yields. The expected severity of B deficiency plus fertilizer and application costs associated with B fertilization should be considered when selecting the most appropriate B fertilization strategy.

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