Response of Coastal Bermudagrass Yield and Nutrient Uptake Efficiency to Nitrogen Sources
- Maria L. Silveira *a,
- Vincent A. Habyb and
- Allen T. Leonardb
Nitrogen is an important agronomic input for bermudagrass production in the southern USA. Fertilizers that can efficiently provide N to grass pastures and hay meadows are an important issue because of increasing costs and environmental problems associated with N losses. This experiment was designed to determine the effectiveness of various N sources on ‘Coastal’ bermudagrass [Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers.] production and N uptake efficiency. Nitrogen was applied at 0, 45, 90, and 135 kg ha−1 harvest−1 as urea–ammonium nitrate (UAN), urea, ammonium nitrate (AN) and ammonium sulfate (AS) on Gallime (Glossic Paleudalf) and Lilbert (Plinthic Paleudult) soils. Mixtures of S with UAN and of Ca and B with urea were also evaluated. Bermudagrass was periodically harvested and subsampled for total N analysis. At termination of the study soil samples were collected for pH and extractable NO3–N analyses. Bermudagrass yield responses to N sources were significant only in the Gallime soil. In this soil, AN and AS increased yields and resulted in greater N uptake compared to urea and UAN. Lilbert soil showed no effect of N sources on dry matter (DM) production. There was a yield response to N rates and maximum bermudagrass production was generally achieved at the 90 kg ha−1 N rate regrowth−1 Fertilizer efficiency declined as the N rate was increased. Soil acidity increased in response to N application, particularly for the AS treatments. Selection of N sources and rates should be carefully planned to avoid detrimental effects on soil acidity and, consequently, fertilizer efficiency.Please view the pdf by using the Full Text (PDF) link under 'View' to the left.
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