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This article in AJ

  1. Vol. 99 No. 3, p. 833-841
     
    Received: July 7, 2006


    * Corresponding author(s): ziadin@agr.gc.ca
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doi:10.2134/agronj2006.0199

Relationship between P and N Concentrations in Corn

  1. Noura Ziadi *a,
  2. Gilles Bélangera,
  3. Athyna N. Cambourisa,
  4. Nicolas Tremblayb,
  5. Michel C. Nolina and
  6. Annie Claessensa
  1. a Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC), Soils and Crops Research and Development Centre, 2560 Hochelaga Blvd., Quebec, QC, Canada G1V 2J3
    b AAFC, 430 Gouin Blvd., St-Jean-sur-Richelieu, QC, Canada J3B 3E6

Abstract

Tools to diagnose P crop status are becoming increasingly important to minimize the risk of surface and groundwater contamination from excessive fertilization while still applying sufficient P to optimize crop yield. The objectives of this study were to establish the relationship between P and N concentrations of corn (Zea mays L.) during the growing season and, in particular, to determine the critical P concentration required to diagnose P deficiency. Shoot biomass and P and N concentrations were determined weekly in an experiment with four to six N rates conducted over 2 yr (2004 and 2005) at three sites with adequate soil P for growth. The P and N concentrations decreased with time and increasing shoot biomass at all sites. The P concentration in relation to N under nonlimiting N conditions is described by a linear relationship (P = 1.00 + 0.094N, R 2 = 0.76, P < 0.001, n = 71) in which the concentrations are expressed in g kg−1 dry matter (DM). Under limiting N conditions, the relationship was different with greater P concentrations for a given N concentration. The present study establishes a predictive model for critical P concentration in corn shoots, as a function of the N concentration in the shoot biomass and the degree of N deficiency. This critical P concentration can then be used to quantify the degree of P deficiency during the current growing season.

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