Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

A farinogram showing arrival time, departure time, stability, and peak time. On this chart, time is on the x axis and Brabender units (BU) are on the y axis. Arrival time is the time when the curve reaches 500 BU, peak time is the time when the maximum BU is reached, departure time is the point when the curve decreases below 500 BU, and stability is the difference between the departure and arrival times. The mixing tolerance index (MTI) is the difference in BU between the top of the curve at the peak time and the top of the curve 5 min after the peak time.

 


Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

The impact of N rate and water status (A = adequate and D = deficient) on wheat yield loss due to water stress (YLWS), yield loss due to N stress (YLNS), grain yield, protein concentration, and stability. The dashed lines represent the 95% confidence interval. In 2007, there were 1891 total growing degree days and N mineralization was 192 kg N ha−1, whereas in 2008 there were 2262 total growing degree days and N mineralization was 99 kg N ha−1.