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Description of locations for ethanol feedstocks study.

 
Location Agroecological zone Soil zone Years Growing season precipitation
Latitude Longitude
2006 2007 2008 2009
mm
Western Canada
 Dawson Creek, BC Parklands Grey Wooded 2007, 2009 –† 438 240 55°48′ N 120°14′ W
 Fort St John, BC Parklands Grey Wooded 2007, 2009 562 222 56°17′ N 120°50′ W
 Donnelly, AB Parklands Grey Wooded 2007 270 55°43′ N 117°6′ W
 Edmonton, AB Parklands Black 2007, 2008, 2009 181 159 147 53°33′ N 113°29′ W
 Falher, AB Parklands Grey Wooded 2007, 2008, 2009 270 234 107 55°46′ N 117°10′ W
 Killam, AB Parklands Black 2006, 2007 416 370 52°47′ N 111°51′ W
 Kitscoty, AB Parklands Black 2006 469 53°20′ N 110°20′ W
 Lacombe, AB Parklands Black 2007, 2008, 2009 357 230 279 52°29′ N 113°43′ W
 Lethbridge, AB (dry) Western Prairies Dark Brown 2007, 2008, 2009 164 380 241 49°41′ N 112°50′ W
 Lethbridge, AB (irrigated) Western Prairies Dark Brown 2007, 2008, 2009 291 456 343 49°41′ N 112°50′ W
 Neapolis, AB Parklands Black 2007, 2009 472 114 51°40′ N 113°52′ W
 Sexsmith, AB Parklands Grey Wooded 2007 537 55°21′ N 118°46′ W
 Vermilion, AB Parklands Black 2007 397 53°21′ N 110°51′ W
 Westlock, AB Parklands Grey Wooded 2007 278 54°9′ N 113°51′ W
 Canora, SK Parklands Grey Wooded 2007 365 51°38′ N 102°26′ W
 Indian Head, SK Eastern Prairies Black 2007, 2008, 2009 275 217 210 50°32′ N 103°39′ W
 Lake Lenore, SK Parklands Black 2007, 2008 369 178 52°25′ N 104°58′ W
 Lashburn, SK Parklands Black 2006 339 53°7′ N 109°36′ W
 Melfort, SK Parklands Black 2007, 2008, 2009 351 190 243 52°52′ N 104°36′ W
 Outlook, SK Western Prairies Dark Brown 2007 291 51°29′ N 107°3′ W
 Redvers, SK Eastern Prairies Black 2007 283 49°34′ N 101°41′ W
 Regina, SK Western Prairies Dark Brown 2007, 2008 267 228 50°26′ N 104°35′ W
 Saskatoon, SK Western Prairies Dark Brown 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009 489 278 180 215 52°8′ N 106°38′ W
 Scott, SK Western. Prairies Dark Brown 2007, 2008, 2009 313 207 173 52°21′ N 108°49′ W
 Swift Current, SK Western Prairies Brown 2007, 2008, 2009 152 337 199 50°18′ N 107°46′ W
 Valparaiso, SK Parklands Grey Wooded 2006 489 52°51′ N 104°10′ W
 Watrous, SK W. Prairies Dark Brown 2007, 2008, 2009 210 238 256 51°40′ N 105°27′ W
 Arborg, MB Parklands Grey Wooded 2008 466 387 50°54′ N 97°13′ W
 Brandon, MB Eastern Prairies Black 2007, 2008, 2009 257 367 241 49°50′ N 99°56′ W
 Carberry, MB Eastern Prairies Black 2007, 2009 389 235 49°51′ N 99°21′ W
 Melita, MB Eastern Prairies Black 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009 378 283 258 213 49°16′ N 100°59′ W
 Minto, MB Eastern Prairies Black 2006 462 49°24′ N 100°1′ W
 Neepawa, MB Parklands Grey Wooded 2006, 2007 462 477 49°24′ N 100°1′ W
 Portage, MB Eastern Prairies Black 2007, 2009 395 209 49°58′ N 98°17′ W
 Roblin, MB Parklands Grey Wooded 2007, 2008, 2009 445 308 287 51°13′ N 101°21′ W
 Rosebank, MB Eastern Prairies Black 2007, 2008, 2009 388 315 274 49°22′ N 98°6′ W
Eastern Canada
 Elora, ON 2007 252 43°41′ N 80°25′ W
 Ottawa, ON Dark Grey Gleisolic 2007, 2008, 2009 346 337 488 45°24′ N 75°41′ W
 Renfrew County, ON Dark Grey Gleisolic 2007, 2008, 2009 442 354 339 45°39′ N 77°11′ W
 St. Isidore, ON Dark Grey Gleisolic 2008 354 351 45°23′ N 74°54′ W
 Normandin, QC 2007, 2008, 2009 253 339 322 48°50′ N 72°31′ W
 St. Foy, QC Dark Grey Gleisolic 2007, 2008 499 559 465 46°47′ N 71°14′ W
 St. Hyancinthe, QC Dark Grey Gleisolic 2007, 2008, 2009 351 487 409 45°37′ N 72°56′ W
 Charlottetown, PEI Orthic Humo-Ferric Podzol 2007, 2008, 2009 388 464 531 46°15′ N 63°7′ W
Precipitation data not collected.



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Summary of cultivars evaluated and corresponding market class description.

 
Cultivar Classification Reference
AC Ultima spring triticale McLeod et al. (2001)
Pronghorn spring triticale Salmon et al. (1997)
Tyndal spring triticale Salmon et al. (2007)
AC Andrew Canada western soft white spring wheat Sadasivaiah et al. (2004)
AC Sadash Canada western soft white spring wheat Sadasivaiah et al. (2009)
Bhishaj Canada western soft white spring wheat Randhawa et al. (2011)
AC Superb Canada western red spring wheat Townley-Smith et al. (2010)
5700PR Canada prairie spring red wheat AgriPro/Syngenta (unpublished data, 2000)
AC Crystal Canada prairie spring red wheat Fernandez et al. (1998)
Hoffman Canada eastern red spring wheat; Canada western general purpose candidate H. Voldeng (unpublished data, 2004)



View Full Table | Close Full ViewTable 3.

Grain yield means for data collected in six agroecological zones and provinces across Canada from 2006 to 2009.

 
Cultivar Class† Western Prairies Eastern Prairies Parkland Western Canada Ontario Quebec Maritimes Eastern Canada Overall
Mg ha–1
AC Ultima TRIT 5.48 a‡ 5.12 a 5.71 ab 5.44 a 2.95 a 3.56 bc 3.51 ab 3.34 ab 4.39 ab
Pronghorn TRIT 5.66 a 5.24 a 5.84 ab 5.58 a 2.97 a 4.24 ab 3.74 a 3.65 a 4.61 a
Tyndal TRIT 5.10 abc 4.66 abc 5.39 bc 5.05 b 2.89 a 3.59 bc 2.99 ab 3.16 abc 4.10 bc
AC Andrew CWSWS 5.49 a 4.78 abc 5.78 ab 5.35 ab 2.75 a 3.87 abc 1.63 b 2.75 bc 4.05 bc
AC Sadash CWSWS 5.51 a 4.74 abc 6.14 a 5.46 a 2.70 a 3.82 abc 2.24 ab 2.92 bc 4.19 bc
Bhishaj CWSWS 5.46 a 4.84 abc 5.81 ab 5.37 ab 2.61 a 3.37 bc 1.64 b 2.54 c 3.95 cd
AC Superb CWRS 4.39 c 4.19 c 4.75 c 4.44 c 2.49 a 3.52 bc 1.94 ab 2.65 c 3.55 e
Hoffman CWGP 5.27 ab 5.05 ab 6.06 a 5.46 a 3.31 a 4.87 a 2.89 ab 3.69 a 4.58 a
5700PR CPS-R 4.51 c 4.35 bc 4.89 c 4.58 c 2.60 a 3.06 c 1.96 ab 2.54 c 3.56 e
AC Crystal CPS-R 4.66bc 4.28 c 5.10 c 4.68 c 2.34 a 3.51 bc 1.72 b 2.52 c 3.60 de
LSD(0.05)§ 0.55 0.63 0.46 0.32 0.92 0.92 1.50 0.66 0.37
Red¶ 4.71 4.47 5.20 4.79 2.68 3.74 2.13 2.85 3.82
CWSWS 5.49 4.79 5.91 5.39 2.69 3.69 1.84 2.74 4.07
Triticale 5.41 5.01 5.65 5.35 2.93 3.80 3.41 3.38 4.37
P value <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 0.041 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001
TRIT, spring triticale; CWSWS, Canada western soft white spring wheat; CWRS, Canada western red spring wheat; CWGP, Canada western general purpose candidate; CPS-W, Canada prairie spring white wheat; CPS-R, Canada prairie spring red wheat.
Means followed by the same letter in a column are not significantly different (P < 0.05; Bonferroni adjustment).
§Adjusted LSD(0.05) can be used only to compare cultivar means.
Red includes CPS-R, CWRS, and CWGP (Hoffman).



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Test weight means for data collected in six agroecological zones and provinces across Canada from 2006 to 2009.

 
Cultivar Class† Western Prairies Eastern Prairies Parkland Western Canada Ontario Quebec Maritimes Eastern Canada Overall
g L–1
AC Ultima TRIT 712 b‡ 693 d 699 d 701 f 642 e 642 d 611 d 632 f 666 d
Pronghorn TRIT 705 b 683 d 689 d 692 f 639 e 678 cd 646 cd 655 e 673 d
Tyndal TRIT 708 b 689 d 694 d 697 f 651 de 672 cd 613 d 645 ef 671 d
AC Andrew CWSWS 770 a 722 c 757 c 749 e 679 cd 697 bc 652 cd 676 d 713 c
AC Sadash CWSWS 779 a 733 bc 770 abc 760 cd 691 bc 704 bc 693 abc 696 cd 728 b
Bhishaj CWSWS 770 a 727 c 759 bc 752 de 687 cd 697 bc 656 bcd 680 d 716 c
AC Superb CWRS 786 a 752 ab 778 a 772 ab 727 ab 755 a 695 abc 726 ab 749 a
Hoffman CWGP 785 a 762 a 781 a 776 a 750 a 769 a 713 ab 744 a 760 a
5700PR CPS-R 786 a 755 ab 776 ab 772 ab 739 a 745 a 726 a 736 a 754 a
AC Crystal CPS-R 780 a 744 abc 769 abc 764 bc 699 bc 732 ab 691 abc 708 bc 736 b
LSD(0.05)§ 18 2.0 1.5 10 29 29 47 21 12
Red¶ 784 75.3 77.6 771 729 750 706 728 750
CWSWS 773 72.7 76.2 754 686 700 667 684 719
Triticale 708 68.8 69.4 697 644 664 623 644 670
P value <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001
TRIT, spring triticale; CWSWS, Canada western soft white spring wheat; CWRS, Canada western red spring wheat; CWGP, Canada western general purpose candidate; CPS-W, Canada prairie spring white wheat; CPS-R, Canada prairie spring red wheat.
Means followed by the same letter in a column are not significantly different (P < 0.05; Bonferroni adjustment).
§Adjusted LSD(0.05) can be used only to compare cultivar means.
Red includes CPS-R, CWRS, and CWGP (Hoffman).



View Full Table | Close Full ViewTable 5.

Protein concentration means for data collected in six agroecological zones and provinces across Canada from 2006 to 2009.

 
Cultivar Class† Western Prairies Eastern Prairies Parkland Western Canada Ontario Quebec Maritimes Eastern Canada Overall
g kg–1
AC Ultima TRIT 116 f‡ 106 e 110 ef 111 f 109 d 105 d 116 b 110 e 111 f
Pronghorn TRIT 112 f 105 e 101 f 106 f 112 cd 105 d 119 b 112 e 109 f
Tyndal TRIT 115 f 112 de 107 ef 111 f 116 cd 108 cd 122 b 115 de 113 f
AC Andrew CWSWS 131 cde 123 bcd 117 de 124 d 126 bcd 125 bc 134 ab 128 bc 126 de
AC Sadash CWSWS 124 ef 119 cde 112 ef 118 e 124 bcd 123 bcd 127 b 125 cd 121 e
Bhishaj CWSWS 129 de 123 bcd 117 de 123 de 126 bcd 127 b 130 ab 128 bc 126 de
AC Superb CWRS 160 a 145 a 146 a 150 a 148 a 147 a 157 a 150 a 150 a
Hoffman CWGP 140 bcd 126 bcd 123 cd 130 c 122 bcd 124 bc 129 ab 125 cd 127 cd
5700PR CPS-R 145 b 136 ab 134 b 138 b 137 ab 140 ab 137 ab 138 b 138 b
AC Crystal CPS-R 141 bc 132 abc 127 bc 133 bc 129 bc 132 ab 136 ab 132 bc 133 bc
LSD(0.05)§ 9 11 8 5 14 14 23 10 6
Red¶ 146 135 132 138 134 136 140 137 137
CWSWS 128 122 115 122 125 125 130 127 124
Triticale 114 108 106 109 112 106 119 112 111
P value <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 0.013
TRIT, spring triticale; CWSWS, Canada western soft white spring wheat; CWRS, Canada western red spring wheat; CWGP, Canada western general purpose candidate; CPS-W, Canada prairie spring white wheat; CPS-R, Canada prairie spring red wheat.
Means followed by the same letter in a column are not significantly different (P < 0.05; Bonferroni adjustment).
§Adjusted LSD(0.05) can be used only to compare cultivar means.
Red includes CPS-R, CWRS, and CWGP (Hoffman).



View Full Table | Close Full ViewTable 6.

Pentosan concentration means for data collected in six agroecological zones and provinces across Canada from 2006 to 2009.

 
Cultivar Class† Western Prairies Eastern Prairies Parkland Western Canada Ontario Quebec Maritimes Eastern Canada Overall
g kg–1
AC Ultima TRIT 58.7 ab‡ 68.1 a 61.0 a 62.6 ab 71.3 a 74.5 ab 58.7 a 68.2 a 65.4 ab
Pronghorn TRIT 51.8 b 65.6 a 56.6 a 58.0 b 73.2 a 72.6 ab 54.7 a 66.8 a 62.4 b
Tyndal TRIT 71.9 a 68.6 a 62.5 a 67.7 a 71.8 a 80.2 a 65.0 a 72.3 a 70.0 a
AC Andrew CWSWS 56.0 b 62.2 a 62.4 a 60.2 b 68.7 a 69.3 ab 70.0 a 69.3 a 64.8 ab
AC Sadash CWSWS 55.1 b 66.7 a 58.2 a 60.0 b 72.4 a 69.2 ab 66.7 a 69.4 a 64.7 ab
Bhishaj CWSWS 55.6 b 63.2 a 55.0 a 57.9 b 72.4 a 58.2 b 66.4 a 65.6 a 61.8 b
AC Superb CWRS 58.6 b 63.6 a 56.7 a 59.7 b 75.5 a 68.7 ab 66.9 a 70.4 a 65.0 ab
Hoffman CWGP 57.3 b 68.4 a 58.6 a 61.4 ab 67.0 a 71.0 ab 69.0 a 69.0 a 65.2 ab
5700PR CPS-R 58.7 ab 69.5 a 60.0 a 62.7 ab 65.5 a 67.3 ab 64.8 a 65.9 a 64.3 ab
AC Crystal CPS-R 57.2 b 61.9 a 58.0 a 59.1 b 68.5 a 65.2 ab 53.6 a 62.4 a 60.7 b
LSD(0.05)§ 9.8 12.3 8.9 6.0 14.9 14.1 24.4 10.6 6.1
Red¶ 58.0 65.9 58.3 60.7 69.1 68.0 63.6 66.9 63.8
CWSWS 55.6 64.0 58.5 59.4 71.2 65.5 67.7 68.1 63.8
Triticale 60.8 67.4 60.0 62.8 72.1 75.7 59.5 69.1 65.9
P value <0.001 0.302 0.080 <0.001 0.514 <0.001 0.275 0.138 <0.001
TRIT, spring triticale; CWSWS, Canada western soft white spring wheat; CWRS, Canada western red spring wheat; CWGP, Canada western general purpose candidate; CPS-W, Canada prairie spring white wheat; CPS-R, Canada prairie spring red wheat.
Means followed by the same letter in a column are not significantly different (P < 0.05; Bonferroni adjustment).
§Adjusted LSD(0.05) can be used only to compare cultivar means.
Red includes CPS-R, CWRS, and CWGP (Hoffman).



View Full Table | Close Full ViewTable 7.

Cultivar starch yield means for data collected in six agroecological zones across Canada from 2006–2009.

 
Cultivar Class† Western Prairies Eastern Prairies Parkland Western Canada Ontario Quebec Maritimes Eastern Canada Overall
Mg ha–1
AC Ultima TRIT 3.37 a‡ 3.05 a 4.11 abc 3.51 a 2.02 a 2.36 ab 1.94 a 2.11 abc 2.81 bc
Pronghorn TRIT 3.41 a 3.06 a 4.17 abc 3.54 a 2.16 a 2.88 ab 2.14 a 2.39 a 2.97 a
Tyndal TRIT 2.92 ab 2.54 ab 3.75 cd 3.07 b 1.98 a 2.25 ab 1.51 a 1.91 abc 2.49 cde
AC Andrew CWSWS 3.29 ab 2.80 ab 4.23 abc 3.44 a 2.05 a 2.63 ab 0.71 a 1.80 bc 2.62 cd
AC Sadash CWSWS 3.34 a 2.80 ab 4.49 a 3.54 a 2.11 a 2.55 ab 0.99 a 1.88 abc 2.71 abcd
Bhishaj CWSWS 3.29 ab 2.79 ab 4.16 abc 3.41 a 1.91 a 2.09 b 0.74 a 1.58 c 2.50 cde
AC Superb CWRS 2.75 b 2.31 b 3.37 d 2.81 b 1.80 a 2.23 ab 0.94 a 1.66 c 2.23 e
Hoffman CWGP 3.25 ab 3.00 a 4.40 ab 3.55 a 2.25 a 3.30 a 1.41 a 2.32 ab 2.94 ab
5700PR CPS-R 2.74 b 2.43 ab 3.61 cd 2.93 b 1.84 a 2.02 b 0.96 a 1.61 c 2.27 e
AC Crystal CPS-R 2.86 ab 2.52 ab 3.80 bcd 3.06 b 1.84 a 2.36 ab 0.92 a 1.71 c 2.38 de
LSD(0.05)§ 0.57 0.67 0.50 0.34 0.84 0.83 1.33 0.60 0.34
Red¶ 2.90 2.57 2.80 3.09 1.93 2.48 1.06 1.82 2.45
CWSWS 3.30 2.80 4.29 3.47 2.02 2.43 0.81 1.75 2.61
Triticale 3.24 2.88 4.01 3.38 2.05 2.50 1.86 2.14 2.76
P value <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 0.716 <0.001 0.001 <0.001 <0.001
TRIT, spring triticale; CWSWS, Canada western soft white spring wheat; CWRS, Canada western red spring wheat; CWGP, Canada western general purpose candidate; CPS-W, Canada prairie spring white wheat; CPS-R, Canada prairie spring red wheat.
Means followed by the same letter in a column are not significantly different (P < 0.05; Bonferroni adjustment).
§Adjusted LSD(0.05) can be used only to compare cultivar means.
Red includes CPS-R, CWRS, and CWGP (Hoffman).



View Full Table | Close Full ViewTable 8.

Ethanol yield means for data collected in six agroecological zones and provinces across Canada from 2007 to 2009.

 
Cultivar Class† Western Prairies Eastern Prairies Parkland Western Canada Ontario Quebec Maritimes Eastern Canada Overall
L ha–1
AC Ultima TRIT 2279 a‡ 2025 abc 2518 abcd 2274 a 1074 a 1326 b 1283 a 1228 abc 1751 abc
Pronghorn TRIT 2289 a 2122 a 2659 abc 2356 a 1094 a 1596 ab 1344 a 1345 ab 1851 a
Tyndal TRIT 2011 abcd 1717 abc 2361 cde 2030 b 1008 a 1260 b 1073 ac 1113 abcd 1571 def
AC Andrew CWSWS 2209 ab 1926 abc 2716 ab 2284 a 937 a 1458 ab 628 d 1008 cd 1646 cd
AC Sadash CWSWS 2139 abc 1950 abc 2752 a 2280 a 920 a 1461 ab 846 bcd 1075 bcd 1678 bcd
Bhishaj CWSWS 2215 ab 1873 abc 2620 abc 2236 a 976 a 1274 b 603 cd 951 cd 1594 cde
AC Superb CWRS 1681 d 1597 c 2123 e 1800 c 857 a 1267 b 716 cd 947 cd 1374 g
Hoffman CWGP 2030 abcd 2054 ab 2780 a 2288 a 1192 a 1863 a 1119 ab 1391 a 1840 ab
5700PR CPS-R 1819 cd 1629 bc 2276 de 1908 bc 930 a 1098 b 768 bcd 932 d 1420 fg
AC Crystal CPS-R 1870 bcd 1673 bc 2396 bcde 1980 b 823 a 1295 b 619 d 912 d 1446 efg
LSD(0.05)§ 287 346 263 173 405 404 395 291 169
Red¶ 1850 1739 2394 1994 951 1381 805 1046 1520
CWSWS 2188 1917 2696 2267 944 1398 692 1011 1639
Triticale 2193 1955 2512 2220 1059 1394 1233 1229 1724
P value <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 0.090 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001
TRIT, spring triticale; CWSWS, Canada western soft white spring wheat; CWRS, Canada western red spring wheat; CWGP, Canada western general purpose candidate; CPS-W, Canada prairie spring white wheat; CPS-R, Canada prairie spring red wheat.
Means followed by the same letter in a column are not significantly different (P < 0.05; Bonferroni adjustment).
§Adjusted LSD(0.05) can be used only to compare cultivar means.
Red includes CPS-R, CWRS, and CWGP (Hoffman).



View Full Table | Close Full ViewTable 9.

Residual starch concentration means for data collected in six agroecological zones and provinces across Canada from 2007 to 2009.

 
Cultivar Class† Western Prairies Eastern Prairies Parkland Western Canada Ontario Quebec Maritimes Eastern Canada Overall
g kg–1
AC Ultima TRIT 61 b‡ 114 ab 39 a 71 abc 71 b 46 a 164 a 94 ab 83 abc
Pronghorn TRIT 74 ab 74 c 44 a 64 c 65 b 38 a 62 cd 55 b 59 c
Tyndal TRIT 94 ab 88 bc 51 a 78 abc 82 ab 53 a 98 bcd 77 ab 78 abc
AC Andrew CWSWS 108 ab 124 a 50 a 94 ab 122 a 58 a 79 bcd 87 ab 90 ab
AC Sadash CWSWS 122 a 117 ab 53 a 97 a 121 a 56 a 121 ac 99 ab 98 a
Bhishaj CWSWS 99 ab 101 ac 51 a 84 abc 81 ab 42 a 109 ac 78 ab 81 abc
AC Superb CWRS 100 ab 111 ab 58 a 90 abc 103 ab 63 a 40 d 69 ab 79 abc
Hoffman CWGP 96 ab 121 a 52 a 90 abc 92 ab 49 a 85 bcd 76 ab 83 abc
5700PR CPS-R 79 ab 74 c 47 a 67 bc 85 ab 59 a 70 cd 71 ab 69 bc
AC Crystal CPS-R 81 ab 73 c 49 a 68 bc 117 a 52 a 141 ab 103 a 86 abc
LSD(0.05)§ 47 32 43 28 41 63 65 48 28
Red¶ 89 95 52 78 99 56 84 80 79
CWSWS 109 114 52 92 108 52 103 88 90
Triticale 76 92 45 71 73 45 108 75 73
P value 0.001 0.001 0.967 <0.001 0.044 0.961 0.007 0.029 0.001
TRIT, spring triticale; CWSWS, Canada western soft white spring wheat; CWRS, Canada western red spring wheat; CWGP, Canada western general purpose candidate; CPS-W, Canada prairie spring white wheat; CPS-R, Canada prairie spring red wheat.
Means followed by the same letter in a column are not significantly different (P < 0.05; Bonferroni adjustment).
§Adjusted LSD(0.05) can be used only to compare cultivar means.
Red includes CPS-R, CWRS, and CWGP (Hoffman).



View Full Table | Close Full ViewTable 10.

Means for grain and ethanol characteristics averaged across six agroecological zones and provinces across Canada from 2006 to 2009.

 
Cultivar Class† Starch conc. Ethanol conc.
g kg–1 L Mg–1
AC Ultima TRIT 606 ab‡ 139 a 372 a
Pronghorn TRIT 609 ab 140 a 375 a
Tyndal TRIT 583 c 133 c 356 c
AC Andrew CWSWS 608 ab 139 a 373 a
AC Sadash CWSWS 616 a 139 a 372 a
Bhishaj CWSWS 607 ab 140 a 374 a
AC Superb CWRS 587 c 134 bc 358 bc
Hoffman CWGP 604 ab 139 a 373 a
5700PR CPS-R 597 bc 139 a 373 a
AC Crystal CPS-R 603 ab 138 ab 368 ab
LSD(0.05)§ 15 2 11
Red¶ 598 137 368
CWSWS 610 139 373
Triticale 599 137 368
P value <0.001 <0.001 <0.001
TRIT, spring triticale; CWSWS, Canada western soft white spring wheat; CWRS, Canada western red spring wheat; CWGP, Canada western general purpose candidate; CPS-W, Canada prairie spring white wheat; CPS-R, Canada prairie spring red wheat.
Means followed by the same letter in a column are not significantly different (P < 0.05; Bonferroni adjustment).
§Adjusted LSD(0.05) can be used only to compare cultivar means.
Red includes CPS-R, CWRS, and CWGP (Hoffman).



View Full Table | Close Full ViewTable 11.

Variance estimates associated with the random effect of site (location ´ year combinations) for wheat and triticale cultivar traits collected across Canada from 2006 to 2009.

 
Effect Variance estimate
Yield Test wt. Protein conc. Pentosan conc. Starch yield Residual starch conc. Starch conc. Ethanol conc. (g kg–1) Ethanol conc. (L Mg–1) Ethanol yield
Site 2.60** 13.1** 161** 106** 0.811** 3594** 433** 167** 385519** 1202**
Site × cultivar 0.25** 2.3** 66** 41** 0.126** 1105** 199** 23** 47575** 189**
Site × cultivar, %† 9 15 29 28 13 24 31 14 11 14
**Significant at P < 0.01.
Percentage of the total variance associated with the effect of site.