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Book: Proceedings of the Second International Turfgrass Research Conference
Published by: American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America

 

This chapter in PROCEEDINGS OF THE SECOND INTERNATIONAL TURFGRASS RESEARCH CONFERENCE

  1.  p. 557-568
     
    Proceedings of the Second International Turfgrass Research Conference

    Eliot C. Roberts (ed.)

    ISBN: 978-0-89118-573-4

     
    Published: 1974


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doi:10.2135/1974.proc2ndintlturfgrass.c84

Suitability of cool- and warm-season species for dormant winter seedings1

  1. J.T. Green,
  2. H.D. Perry,
  3. J.M. Woodruff and
  4. R.E. Blaser

Abstract

Late fall-winter-spring seedings were made to delineate differences in seedling emergence, winter survival, maintenance of seed viability, and soil protection among several turf species. Cereal rye (Secale cereale) was the best species for late fall-spring seedings followed by creeping red fescue (Festuca ruba) and roughstalk bluegrass (Poa trivialis); results from tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea) were fair. The data indicate that higher seeding rates should be used for late fall-winter seedings to obtain better vegetative cover. For winter seedings, a recommended mixture of ‘Abruzzi’ rye (50 kg), creeping red fescue (40 kg), and ‘Kentucky 31’ tall fescue (70 kg) with possibly roughstalk bluegrass at 30 kg/ha is proposed. Information on persistence and competitive effects of these grasses as mixed is inadequate. The ryegrasses (Lolium spp.) are not recommended for winter seedings. Successful stands of crownvetch (Coronilla varia) and sericea lespedeza (Lespedesa sericea) were obtained by dormant seeding. The warm-season grasses, bermudagrass (Cynodon dactylon) and weeping lovegrass (Eragrostis curvula), were not suitable for winter seedings as poor stands were observed the following summer. Additional index words: Mixtures, Germination, Erosion control, Dormant seeding.

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Copyright © 1974. Copyright 1974 by the American Society of Agronomy, Inc. and the Crop Science Society of America, Inc., 5585 Guilford Rd., Madison, WI 53711 USA