Observations on Differently Adapted Grasses for Turf in Central Italy1
- A. Panella
Turfgrass breeding work in Italy began only a few years ago with a survey of available germplasm derived from domestic and imported sources used mainly for soccer field turfs. Observation trials carried out at the Plant Breeding Department of the University of Perugia, Italy, demonstrate that over a period of 7 years the persistence of the local types of Kentucky bluegrass (Poa pratensis L.), bentgrass (Agrostis spp.), and red fescue (Festuca rubra L. ) was superior to that of imported cultivars. The turf persistence estimated as ground cover percentage was related to the resistance to local diseases (especially leaf rust and root diseases) and tolerance to the high temperatures and high light levels of the Mediterranean climate. ‘Merion’ Kentucky bluegrass from an American seed source performed well, although commercial seed of Merion imported from northern European countries showed poor adaptability. Among the bentgrasses, ‘Penncross’ and ‘Highland’ performed well, while among the red fescues ‘Pennlawn’ was the best. A program for improving the quality of Italian turfgrass ecotypes is on course, along with a study of the physiological mechanisms which are the basis of adaptation to the local environment. Particular interest centers on tall fescue (F. arundinacea Schreb.) as having potential for soccer field usage.Please view the pdf by using the Full Text (PDF) link under 'View' to the left.
Copyright © 1980. . Copyright © 1980 by the American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, Soil Science Society of America, and International Turfgrass Society, 5585 Guilford Rd., Madison, WI 53711 USA