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Book: Proceedings of the Third International Turfgrass Research Conference
Published by: American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, Soil Science Society of America

 

This chapter in PROCEEDINGS OF THE THIRD INTERNATIONAL TURFGRASS RESEARCH CONFERENCE

  1.  p. 461-468
     
    Proceedings of the Third International Turfgrass Research Conference

    James B. Beard (ed.)

    ISBN: 978-0-89118-248-1

     
    Published: 1980


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doi:10.2135/1974.proc3rdintlturfgrass.c55

The Influence of Deicing Salts on Soil and Turf Cover1

  1. H. G. Brod and
  2. H.-U. Preusse

Abstract

Abstract

The increasing use of deicing salts in the last 2 decades of this century has had a great impact on the ecosystem along traffic routes. One result is the injury to plants due to the uptake of salt from the soil and the direct effect of salt spray on plant tissues.

These investigations show the consequences of salting on the soil and turf cover. Experiments with species and cultivars were carried out in pot cultures in the greenhouse as well as outdoors in order to determine the salt tolerance of potential grasses for roadside vegetation. With increased salt application both the average shoot density and the shoot growth decreased. The field trial included investigations on soluble salts as well as sorption ratios. The application of salt led to increasing salinity in the soil, depending upon the total amount of salts applied and upon the weather conditions. There was also a clear correlation between the concentration of soluble sodium and the exchangeable sodium percentage of the soil colloids.

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Copyright © 1980. Copyright © 1980 by the American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, Soil Science Society of America, and International Turfgrass Society, 5585 Guilford Rd., Madison, WI 53711 USA